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RFC 4560
Definitions of Managed Objects for Remote Ping, Traceroute, and Lookup Operations.
J. Quittek, Ed., K. White, Ed.. June 2006.

 
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Network Working Group J. Quittek, Ed. Request for Comments: 4560 NEC Obsoletes: 2925 K. White, Ed. Category: Standards Track IBM Corp. June 2006 Definitions of Managed Objects for Remote Ping, Traceroute, and Lookup Operations Status of This Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). Abstract This memo defines Management Information Bases (MIBs) for performing ping, traceroute, and lookup operations at a host. When managing a network, it is useful to be able to initiate and retrieve the results of ping or traceroute operations when they are performed at a remote host. A lookup capability is defined in order to enable resolution of either an IP address to an DNS name or a DNS name to an IP address at a remote host. Currently, there are several enterprise-specific MIBs for performing remote ping or traceroute operations. The purpose of this memo is to define a standards-based solution to enable interoperability. Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 Table of Contents 1. Introduction ....................................................3 1.1. Ping .......................................................3 1.2. Traceroute .................................................4 1.3. Lookup .....................................................5 1.4. Remote Operations ..........................................5 2. The Internet-Standard Management Framework ......................5 3. Structure of the MIBs ...........................................6 3.1. Ping MIB ...................................................6 3.1.1. pingMaxConcurrentRequests ...........................7 3.1.2. pingCtlTable ........................................7 3.1.3. pingResultsTable ....................................7 3.1.4. pingProbeHistoryTable ...............................8 3.2. Traceroute MIB .............................................8 3.2.1. traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests .....................8 3.2.2. traceRouteCtlTable ..................................8 3.2.3. traceRouteResultsTable ..............................9 3.2.4. traceRouteProbeHistoryTable ........................10 3.2.5. traceRouteHopsTable ................................10 3.3. Lookup MIB ................................................10 3.3.1. lookupMaxConcurrentRequests and lookupPurgeTime ....11 3.3.2. lookupCtlTable .....................................11 3.3.3. lookupResultsTable .................................12 3.4. Conformance ...............................................12 4. Definitions ....................................................13 4.1. DISMAN-PING-MIB ...........................................13 4.2. DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB .....................................46 4.3. DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB .......................................84 5. Security Considerations ........................................95 6. Acknowledgements ...............................................97 7. References .....................................................97 7.1. Normative References ......................................97 7.2. Informative References ....................................98 Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 1. Introduction This document defines standards-based MIB modules for performing specific remote operations. The remote operations defined by this document consist of the ping, traceroute, and lookup functions. Ping and traceroute are two very useful functions for managing networks. Ping is typically used to determine whether a path exists between two hosts, whereas traceroute shows an actual path. Both ping and traceroute yield round-trip times measured in milliseconds. These times can be used as a rough approximation for network transit time. The lookup functions considered in this document are the equivalents of name to address conversion functions such as gethostbyname()/gethostbyaddr() and getaddrinfo()/getnameinfo(). The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119]. 1.1. Ping Ping is usually implemented using the Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) "ECHO" facility. It is also possible to implement a ping capability using alternate methods, including the following: o Using the UDP echo port (7), if supported. This is defined by RFC 862 [RFC862]. o Timing a Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) query. o Timing a TCP connect attempt. In general, almost any request/response flow can be used to generate a round-trip time. Often, many of the non-ICMP ECHO facility methods stand a better chance of yielding a good response (not timing out, for example) since some routers don't honor Echo Requests (timeout situation) or are handled at lower priority, thus possibly giving false indications of round trip times. Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 Note that almost any of the various methods used for generating a round-trip time can be considered a form of system attack when used excessively. Sending a system request too often can negatively effect its performance. Attempting to connect to what is supposed to be an unused port can be very unpredictable. There are tools that attempt to connect to a range of TCP ports to test that any receiving server can handle erroneous connection attempts. It is also important to a management application using a remote ping capability to know which method is being used. Different methods will yield different response times, since the protocol and resulting processing will be different. It is RECOMMENDED that the ping capability defined within this memo be implemented using the ICMP Echo Facility. 1.2. Traceroute Traceroute is usually implemented by transmitting a series of probe packets with increasing time-to-live values. A probe packet is a UDP datagram encapsulated into an IP packet. Each hop in a path to the target (destination) host rejects the probe packet (probe's TTL too small) until its time-to-live value becomes large enough for the probe to be forwarded. Each hop in a traceroute path returns an ICMP message that is used to discover the hop and to calculate a round trip time. Some systems use ICMP probes (ICMP Echo request packets) instead of UDP ones to implement traceroute. In both cases traceroute relies on the probes being rejected via an ICMP message to discover the hops taken along a path to the final destination. Both probe types, UDP and ICMP, are encapsulated into an IP packet and thus have a TTL field that can be used to cause a path rejection. Implementations of the remote traceroute capability as defined within this memo SHOULD be done using UDP packets to a (hopefully) unused port. ICMP probes (ICMP Echo Request packets) SHOULD NOT be used. Many PC implementations of traceroute use the ICMP probe method, which they should not, since this implementation method has been known to have a high probability of failure. Intermediate hops become invisible when a router either refuses to send an ICMP TTL expired message in response to an incoming ICMP packet or simply tosses ICMP echo requests altogether. The behavior of some routers not to return a TTL expired message in response to an ICMP Echo request is due in part to the following text extracted from RFC 792 [RFC792]: "The ICMP messages typically report errors in the processing of datagrams. To avoid the infinite regress of messages about messages etc., no ICMP messages are sent about ICMP messages." Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 1.3. Lookup The Lookup operation enables remote lookup of addresses for a symbolic name as it is, for example, performed by functions getnameinfo() or gethostbyaddr() and lookup of symbolic names for an address as it is, for example, performed by functions getaddrinfo() or gethostbyname(). Note that whatever lookup function is chosen, results are not necessarily consistent with the results of a pure Domain Name Service (DNS) lookup, but may be influenced by local lookup tables or other sources of information. The lookup capability can be used to determine the symbolic name of a hop in a traceroute path. Also, the reverse lookup can be used, for example, for analyzing name lookup problems. 1.4. Remote Operations The MIB modules defined in this document allow a management station to initiate ping, traceroute, and lookup operations remotely. The basic scenario is illustrated by the following diagram. +-------+ +-------+ +-------+ | |---------->| | | | | | initiate | |---------->| | | Mgmt. | operation |Managed| perform |Target | |Station| remotely | Node | operation | Host | | | | | | | | |<----------| | | | +-------+ receive +-------+ +-------+ result of operation A management station is the local host from which the remote ping, traceroute, or Lookup operation is initiated using an SNMP request. The managed node is a remote host where the MIBs defined by this memo are implemented. It receives the remote operation via SNMP and performs the actual ping, traceroute, or lookup function. 2. The Internet-Standard Management Framework For a detailed overview of the documents that describe the current Internet-Standard Management Framework, please refer to section 7 of RFC 3410 [RFC3410]. Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 5]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed the Management Information Base or MIB. MIB objects are generally accessed through the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). Objects in the MIB are defined using the mechanisms defined in the Structure of Management Information (SMI). This memo specifies a MIB module that is compliant to the SMIv2, which is described in STD 58, RFC 2578 [RFC2578], STD 58, RFC 2579 [RFC2579] and STD 58, RFC 2580 [RFC2580]. 3. Structure of the MIBs This document defines three MIB modules: o DISMAN-PING-MIB Defines a ping MIB. o DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB Defines a traceroute MIB. o DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB Provides access to lookup functions for symbolic names and addresses at a remote host provided, for example, by functions getaddrinfo()/getnameinfo() and gethostbyname()/gethostbyaddr(). The ping and traceroute MIBs are structured to allow creation of ping or traceroute tests that can be set up to issue a series of operations periodically and to generate NOTIFICATIONs to report on test results. Many network administrators have in the past written UNIX shell scripts or command batch files to operate in a fashion similar to the functionality provided by the ping and traceroute MIBs defined within this memo. The intent of this document is to acknowledge the importance of these functions and to provide a standards-based solution. 3.1. Ping MIB The DISMAN-PING-MIB consists of the following components: o pingMaxConcurrentRequests o pingCtlTable o pingResultsTable o pingProbeHistoryTable Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 6]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 3.1.1. pingMaxConcurrentRequests The object pingMaxConcurrentRequests enables control of the maximum number of concurrent active requests that an agent implementation supports. It is permissible for an agent either to limit the maximum upper range allowed for this object or to implement this object as read-only with an implementation limit expressed as its value. 3.1.2. pingCtlTable A remote ping test is started by setting pingCtlAdminStatus to enabled(1). The corresponding pingCtlEntry MUST have been created, and its pingCtlRowStatus set to active(1), prior to starting the test. A single SNMP PDU can be used to create and start a remote ping test. Within the PDU, pingCtlTargetAddress should be set to the target host's address (pingCtlTargetAddressType will default to ipv4(1)), pingCtlAdminStatus to enabled(1), and pingCtlRowStatus to createAndGo(4). The first index element, pingCtlOwnerIndex, is of type SnmpAdminString, a textual convention that allows for use of the SNMPv3 View-Based Access Control Model (RFC 3415 [RFC3415], VACM) and that allows a management application to identify its entries. The second index, pingCtlTestName (also an SnmpAdminString), enables the same management application to have multiple requests outstanding. Using the maximum value for the parameters defined within a pingEntry can result in a single remote ping test's taking at most 15 minutes (pingCtlTimeOut times pingCtlProbeCount), plus whatever time it takes to send the ping request and to receive its response over the network from the target host. Use of the defaults for pingCtlTimeOut and pingCtlProbeCount yields a maximum of 3 seconds to perform a "normal" ping test. A management application can delete an active remote ping request by setting the corresponding pingCtlRowStatus object to destroy(6). The contents of the pingCtlTable are preserved across reIPLs (Initial Program Loads) of its agent according the values of each of the pingCtlStorageType objects. 3.1.3. pingResultsTable An entry in the pingResultsTable is created for a corresponding pingCtlEntry once the test defined by this entry is started. Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 7]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 3.1.4. pingProbeHistoryTable The results of past ping probes are stored in this table on a per- pingCtlEntry basis. This table is initially indexed by pingCtlOwnerIndex and pingCtlTestName so that the results of a probe relate to the pingCtlEntry that caused it. The maximum number of entries stored in this table per pingCtlEntry is determined by the value of pingCtlMaxRows. An implementation of this MIB will remove the oldest entry in the pingProbeHistoryTable of the corresponding entry in the pingCtlTable to allow the addition of a new entry once the number of rows in the pingProbeHistoryTable reaches the value specified by pingCtlMaxRows for the corresponding entry in the pingCtlTable. An implementation MUST start assigning pingProbeHistoryIndex values at 1 and wrap after exceeding the maximum possible value, as defined by the limit of this object ('ffffffff'h). 3.2. Traceroute MIB The DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB consists of the following components: o traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests o traceRouteCtlTable o traceRouteResultsTable o traceRouteProbeHistoryTable o traceRouteHopsTable 3.2.1. traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests The object traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests enables control of the maximum number of concurrent active requests that an agent implementation supports. It is permissible for an agent either to limit the maximum upper range allowed for this object or to implement this object as read-only with an implementation limit expressed as its value. 3.2.2. traceRouteCtlTable A remote traceroute test is started by setting traceRouteCtlAdminStatus to enabled(1). The corresponding traceRouteCtlEntry MUST have been created, and its traceRouteCtlRowStatus set to active(1), prior to starting the test. A single SNMP PDU can be used to create and start a remote traceroute Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 8]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 test. Within the PDU, traceRouteCtlTargetAddress should be set to the target host's address (traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType will default to ipv4(1)), traceRouteCtlAdminStatus to enabled(1), and traceRouteCtlRowStatus to createAndGo(4). The first index element, traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex, is of type SnmpAdminString, a textual convention that allows for use of the SNMPv3 View-Based Access Control Model (RFC 3415 [RFC3415], VACM) and that allows a management application to identify its entries. The second index, traceRouteCtlTestName (also an SnmpAdminString), enables the same management application to have multiple requests outstanding. Traceroute has a much longer theoretical maximum time for completion than ping: basically, 42 hours and 30 minutes (the product of traceRouteCtlTimeOut, traceRouteCtlProbesPerHop, and traceRouteCtlMaxTtl) plus some network transit time! Use of the defaults defined within an traceRouteCtlEntry yields a maximum of 4 minutes and 30 seconds for a default traceroute operation. Clearly, 42 plus hours is too long to wait for a traceroute operation to be completed. The maximum Time to Live (TTL) value in effect for traceroute determines how long the traceroute function will keep increasing the TTL value in the probe it transmits, hoping to reach the target host. The function ends whenever the maximum TTL is exceeded or the target host is reached. The object traceRouteCtlMaxFailures was created in order to impose a throttle for how long traceroute continues to increase the TTL field in a probe without receiving any kind of response (timeouts). It is RECOMMENDED that agent implementations impose a time limit for how long it allows a traceroute operation to take, relative to how the function is implemented. For example, an implementation that can't process multiple traceroute operations at the same time SHOULD impose a shorter maximum allowed time period. A management application can delete an active remote traceroute request by setting the corresponding traceRouteCtlRowStatus object to destroy(6). The contents of the traceRouteCtlTable are preserved across reIPLs (Initial Program Loads) of its agent according to the values of each of the traceRouteCtlStorageType objects. 3.2.3. traceRouteResultsTable An entry in the traceRouteResultsTable is created upon determining the results of a specific traceroute operation. Entries in this table relate back to the traceRouteCtlEntry that caused the Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 9]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 corresponding traceroute operation to occur. The objects traceRouteResultsCurHopCount and traceRouteResultsCurProbeCount can be examined to determine how far the current remote traceroute operation has reached. 3.2.4. traceRouteProbeHistoryTable The results of past traceroute probes can be stored in this table on a per-traceRouteCtlEntry basis. This table is initially indexed by traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex and traceRouteCtlTestName so that the results of a probe relate to the traceRouteCtlEntry that caused it. The number of entries stored in this table per traceRouteCtlEntry is determined by the value of traceRouteCtlMaxRows. An implementation of this MIB will remove the oldest entry in the traceRouteProbeHistoryTable of the corresponding entry in the traceRouteCtlTable to allow the addition of an new entry once the number of rows in the traceRouteProbeHistoryTable reaches the value of traceRouteCtlMaxRows for the corresponding entry in the traceRouteCtlTable. An implementation MUST start assigning traceRouteProbeHistoryIndex values at 1 and wrap after exceeding the maximum possible value, as defined by the limit of this object ('ffffffff'h). 3.2.5. traceRouteHopsTable The current traceroute path can be stored in this table on a per- traceRouteCtlEntry basis. This table is initially indexed by traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex and traceRouteCtlTestName so that a traceroute path relates to the traceRouteCtlEntry that caused it. A third index, traceRouteHopsHopIndex, enables keeping one traceRouteHopsEntry per traceroute hop. Creation of traceRouteHopsTable entries is enabled by setting the corresponding traceRouteCtlCreateHopsEntries object to true(1). 3.3. Lookup MIB The DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB consists of the following components: o lookupMaxConcurrentRequests and lookupPurgeTime o lookupCtlTable o lookupResultsTable Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 10]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 3.3.1. lookupMaxConcurrentRequests and lookupPurgeTime The object lookupMaxConcurrentRequests enables control of the maximum number of concurrent active requests that an agent implementation is structured to support. It is permissible for an agent either to limit the maximum upper range allowed for this object or to implement this object as read-only with an implementation limit expressed as its value. The object lookupPurgeTime provides a method for entries in the lookupCtlTable and lookupResultsTable to be automatically deleted after the corresponding operation is completed. 3.3.2. lookupCtlTable A remote lookup operation is initiated by performing an SNMP SET request on lookupCtlRowStatus. A single SNMP PDU can be used to create and start a remote lookup operation. Within the PDU, lookupCtlTargetAddress should be set to the entity to be resolved (lookupCtlTargetAddressType will default to ipv4(1)) and lookupCtlRowStatus to createAndGo(4). The object lookupCtlOperStatus can be examined to determine the state of a lookup operation. A management application can delete an active remote lookup request by setting the corresponding lookupCtlRowStatus object to destroy(6). An lookupCtlEntry is initially indexed by lookupCtlOwnerIndex, which is a type of SnmpAdminString, a textual convention that allows for use of the SNMPv3 View-Based Access Control Model (RFC 3415 [RFC3415], VACM) and that also allows for a management application to identify its entries. The lookupCtlOwnerIndex portion of the index is then followed by lookupCtlOperationName. The lookupCtlOperationName index enables the same lookupCtlOwnerIndex entity to have multiple outstanding requests. The value of lookupCtlTargetAddressType determines which lookup function to perform. Specification of dns(16) as the value of this index implies that a function such as getaddrinfo() or gethostbyname() should be performed to determine the numeric addresses associated with a symbolic name via lookupResultsTable entries. Use of a value of either ipv4(1) or ipv6(2) implies that a function such as getnameinfo() or gethostbyaddr() should be performed to determine the symbolic name(s) associated with a numeric address at a remote host. Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 11]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 3.3.3. lookupResultsTable The lookupResultsTable is used to store the results of lookup operations. Results to be reported here SHOULD be results of a lookup function that is commonly used by applications at the managed node. This implies that results are not necessarily consistent with the results of a pure DNS lookup at the managed node, but may be influenced by local lookup tables or other sources of information, depending on the configuration of the managed node. The lookupResultsTable is initially indexed by the same index elements that the lookupCtlTable contains (lookupCtlOwnerIndex and lookupCtlOperationName) but has a third index element, lookupResultsIndex (Unsigned32 textual convention), in order to associate multiple results with the same lookupCtlEntry. A remote host can be multi-homed and can have multiple symbolic (DNS) names. Therefore, a lookup operation can return multiple IP addresses and multiple symbolic names. If the lookup operation was performed for a certain address by using getnameinfo() or gethostbyaddr(), for example, then entries in the lookupResultsTable MUST be made for each host name returned. If the lookup operation identifies one hostname as the host's 'official host name', then this name MUST be assigned a lookupResultsIndex of 1. If a lookup operation was performed for a certain symbolic name by using getaddrinfo() or gethostbyname(), for example, then entries in the lookupResultsTable MUST be made for each address returned. The entries MUST be stored in the order that they are retrieved. Values assigned to lookupResultsIndex MUST start at 1 and increase in order. An implementation SHOULD NOT retain SNMP-created entries in the lookupResultsTable across reIPLs (Initial Program Loads) of its agent, since management applications need to see consistent behavior with respect to the persistence of the table entries that they create. 3.4. Conformance Each of the three MIB modules defined in this document has two current compliance statements, one for full compliance and one for minimum compliance. The minimum compliance statements are intended to be applied to implementation for devices with very limited resources. The main difference between full and minimum compliance is that for minimum compliance, dynamic creation and deletion of table entries is not required, whereas it is required for full compliance. Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 12]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 In addition, the DISMAN-PING-MIB module and the DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB modules each have a deprecated compliance statement that was current in RFC 2925. Semantically, the new full compliance statements are identical to the deprecated ones. But some of the object groups used in the old compliance statements needed to be split in order to support the new minimal compliance statements. 4. Definitions The following MIB modules import from [RFC2863], [RFC3411], and [RFC4001]. They also use the REFERENCE clause to reference [RFC1812], [RFC2474], and [RFC3260]. 4.1. DISMAN-PING-MIB DISMAN-PING-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE, Integer32, Unsigned32, Gauge32, mib-2, NOTIFICATION-TYPE, OBJECT-IDENTITY FROM SNMPv2-SMI -- RFC2578 TEXTUAL-CONVENTION, RowStatus, StorageType, DateAndTime, TruthValue FROM SNMPv2-TC -- RFC2579 MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP, NOTIFICATION-GROUP FROM SNMPv2-CONF -- RFC2580 InterfaceIndexOrZero -- RFC2863 FROM IF-MIB SnmpAdminString FROM SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB -- RFC3411 InetAddressType, InetAddress FROM INET-ADDRESS-MIB; -- RFC4001 pingMIB MODULE-IDENTITY LAST-UPDATED "200606130000Z" -- 13 June 2006 ORGANIZATION "IETF Distributed Management Working Group" CONTACT-INFO "Juergen Quittek NEC Europe Ltd. Network Laboratories Kurfuersten-Anlage 36 69115 Heidelberg Germany Phone: +49 6221 4342-115 Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 13]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 Email: quittek@netlab.nec.de" DESCRIPTION "The Ping MIB (DISMAN-PING-MIB) provides the capability of controlling the use of the ping function at a remote host. Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). This version of this MIB module is part of RFC 4560; see the RFC itself for full legal notices." -- Revision history REVISION "200606130000Z" -- 13 June 2006 DESCRIPTION "Updated version, published as RFC 4560. - Correctly considered IPv6 in DESCRIPTION clause of pingCtlDataSize - Replaced references to RFC 2575 by RFC 3415 - Replaced references to RFC 2571 by RFC 3411 - Replaced references to RFC 2851 by RFC 4001 - Added DEFVAL { {} } to definition of pingCtlTrapGeneration - Changed DEFVAL of object pingCtlDescr from DEFVAL { '00'H } to DEFVAL { ''H } - Changed DEFVAL of object pingCtlSourceAddressType from DEFVAL { ipv4 } to DEFVAL { unknown } - Extended DESCRIPTION clause of pingResultsTable describing re-initialization of entries - Changed SYNTAX of pingResultsProbeResponses and pingResultsSentProbes from Unsigned32 to Gauge32 - Changed status of pingCompliance to deprecated - Added pingFullCompliance and pingMinimumCompliance - Changed status of pingGroup and pingTimeStampGroup to deprecated - Added pingMinimumGroup, pingCtlRowStatusGroup, and pingHistoryGroup" REVISION "200009210000Z" -- 21 September 2000 DESCRIPTION "Initial version, published as RFC 2925." ::= { mib-2 80 } -- Textual Conventions OperationResponseStatus ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 14]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 "Used to report the result of an operation: responseReceived(1) - Operation is completed successfully. unknown(2) - Operation failed due to unknown error. internalError(3) - An implementation detected an error in its own processing that caused an operation to fail. requestTimedOut(4) - Operation failed to receive a valid reply within the time limit imposed on it. unknownDestinationAddress(5) - Invalid destination address. noRouteToTarget(6) - Could not find a route to target. interfaceInactiveToTarget(7) - The interface to be used in sending a probe is inactive, and an alternate route does not exist. arpFailure(8) - Unable to resolve a target address to a media-specific address. maxConcurrentLimitReached(9) - The maximum number of concurrent active operations would have been exceeded if the corresponding operation was allowed. unableToResolveDnsName(10) - The DNS name specified was unable to be mapped to an IP address. invalidHostAddress(11) - The IP address for a host has been determined to be invalid. Examples of this are broadcast or multicast addresses." SYNTAX INTEGER { responseReceived(1), unknown(2), internalError(3), requestTimedOut(4), unknownDestinationAddress(5), noRouteToTarget(6), interfaceInactiveToTarget(7), arpFailure(8), maxConcurrentLimitReached(9), unableToResolveDnsName(10), invalidHostAddress(11) } -- Top level structure of the MIB pingNotifications OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { pingMIB 0 } pingObjects OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { pingMIB 1 } pingConformance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { pingMIB 2 } -- The registration node (point) for ping implementation types Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 15]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 pingImplementationTypeDomains OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { pingMIB 3 } pingIcmpEcho OBJECT-IDENTITY STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Indicates that an implementation is using the Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) 'ECHO' facility." ::= { pingImplementationTypeDomains 1 } pingUdpEcho OBJECT-IDENTITY STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Indicates that an implementation is using the UDP echo port (7)." REFERENCE "RFC 862, 'Echo Protocol'." ::= { pingImplementationTypeDomains 2 } pingSnmpQuery OBJECT-IDENTITY STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Indicates that an implementation is using an SNMP query to calculate a round trip time." ::= { pingImplementationTypeDomains 3 } pingTcpConnectionAttempt OBJECT-IDENTITY STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Indicates that an implementation is attempting to connect to a TCP port in order to calculate a round trip time." ::= { pingImplementationTypeDomains 4 } -- Simple Object Definitions pingMaxConcurrentRequests OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 UNITS "requests" MAX-ACCESS read-write STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The maximum number of concurrent active ping requests that are allowed within an agent implementation. A value of 0 for this object implies that there is no limit for the number of concurrent active requests in effect. Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 16]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 The limit applies only to new requests being activated. When a new value is set, the agent will continue processing all the requests already active, even if their number exceeds the limit just imposed." DEFVAL { 10 } ::= { pingObjects 1 } -- Ping Control Table pingCtlTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF PingCtlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines the ping Control Table for providing, via SNMP, the capability of performing ping operations at a remote host. The results of these operations are stored in the pingResultsTable and the pingProbeHistoryTable." ::= { pingObjects 2 } pingCtlEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX PingCtlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines an entry in the pingCtlTable. The first index element, pingCtlOwnerIndex, is of type SnmpAdminString, a textual convention that allows for use of the SNMPv3 View-Based Access Control Model (RFC 3415, VACM) and that allows a management application to identify its entries. The second index, pingCtlTestName (also an SnmpAdminString), enables the same management application to have multiple outstanding requests." INDEX { pingCtlOwnerIndex, pingCtlTestName } ::= { pingCtlTable 1 } PingCtlEntry ::= SEQUENCE { pingCtlOwnerIndex SnmpAdminString, pingCtlTestName SnmpAdminString, pingCtlTargetAddressType InetAddressType, pingCtlTargetAddress InetAddress, pingCtlDataSize Unsigned32, pingCtlTimeOut Unsigned32, Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 17]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 pingCtlProbeCount Unsigned32, pingCtlAdminStatus INTEGER, pingCtlDataFill OCTET STRING, pingCtlFrequency Unsigned32, pingCtlMaxRows Unsigned32, pingCtlStorageType StorageType, pingCtlTrapGeneration BITS, pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter Unsigned32, pingCtlTrapTestFailureFilter Unsigned32, pingCtlType OBJECT IDENTIFIER, pingCtlDescr SnmpAdminString, pingCtlSourceAddressType InetAddressType, pingCtlSourceAddress InetAddress, pingCtlIfIndex InterfaceIndexOrZero, pingCtlByPassRouteTable TruthValue, pingCtlDSField Unsigned32, pingCtlRowStatus RowStatus } pingCtlOwnerIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32)) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "To facilitate the provisioning of access control by a security administrator using the View-Based Access Control Model (RFC 2575, VACM) for tables in which multiple users may need to create or modify entries independently, the initial index is used as an 'owner index'. Such an initial index has a syntax of SnmpAdminString and can thus be trivially mapped to a securityName or groupName defined in VACM, in accordance with a security policy. When used in conjunction with such a security policy, all entries in the table belonging to a particular user (or group) will have the same value for this initial index. For a given user's entries in a particular table, the object identifiers for the information in these entries will have the same subidentifiers (except for the 'column' subidentifier) up to the end of the encoded owner index. To configure VACM to permit access to this portion of the table, one would create vacmViewTreeFamilyTable entries with the value of vacmViewTreeFamilySubtree including the owner index portion, and vacmViewTreeFamilyMask 'wildcarding' the column subidentifier. More elaborate configurations are possible." ::= { pingCtlEntry 1 } Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 18]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 pingCtlTestName OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32)) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The name of the ping test. This is locally unique, within the scope of a pingCtlOwnerIndex." ::= { pingCtlEntry 2 } pingCtlTargetAddressType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddressType MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the type of host address to be used at a remote host for performing a ping operation." DEFVAL { unknown } ::= { pingCtlEntry 3 } pingCtlTargetAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddress MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the host address to be used at a remote host for performing a ping operation. The host address type is determined by the value of the corresponding pingCtlTargetAddressType. A value for this object MUST be set prior to transitioning its corresponding pingCtlEntry to active(1) via pingCtlRowStatus." DEFVAL { ''H } ::= { pingCtlEntry 4 } pingCtlDataSize OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (0..65507) UNITS "octets" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the size of the data portion to be transmitted in a ping operation, in octets. Whether this value can be applied depends on the selected implementation method for performing a ping operation, indicated by pingCtlType in the same conceptual row. If the method used allows applying the value contained Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 19]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 in this object, then it MUST be applied. If the specified size is not appropriate for the chosen ping method, the implementation SHOULD use whatever size (appropriate to the method) is closest to the specified size. The maximum value for this object was computed by subtracting the smallest possible IP header size of 20 octets (IPv4 header with no options) and the UDP header size of 8 octets from the maximum IP packet size. An IP packet has a maximum size of 65535 octets (excluding IPv6 Jumbograms)." DEFVAL { 0 } ::= { pingCtlEntry 5 } pingCtlTimeOut OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..60) UNITS "seconds" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the time-out value, in seconds, for a remote ping operation." DEFVAL { 3 } ::= { pingCtlEntry 6 } pingCtlProbeCount OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..15) UNITS "probes" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the number of times to perform a ping operation at a remote host as part of a single ping test." DEFVAL { 1 } ::= { pingCtlEntry 7 } pingCtlAdminStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { enabled(1), -- test should be started disabled(2) -- test should be stopped } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Reflects the desired state that a pingCtlEntry should be in: Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 20]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 enabled(1) - Attempt to activate the test as defined by this pingCtlEntry. disabled(2) - Deactivate the test as defined by this pingCtlEntry. Refer to the corresponding pingResultsOperStatus to determine the operational state of the test defined by this entry." DEFVAL { disabled } ::= { pingCtlEntry 8 } pingCtlDataFill OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OCTET STRING (SIZE(0..1024)) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The content of this object is used together with the corresponding pingCtlDataSize value to determine how to fill the data portion of a probe packet. The option of selecting a data fill pattern can be useful when links are compressed or have data pattern sensitivities. The contents of pingCtlDataFill should be repeated in a ping packet when the size of the data portion of the ping packet is greater than the size of pingCtlDataFill." DEFVAL { '00'H } ::= { pingCtlEntry 9 } pingCtlFrequency OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 UNITS "seconds" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of seconds to wait before repeating a ping test as defined by the value of the various objects in the corresponding row. A single ping test consists of a series of ping probes. The number of probes is determined by the value of the corresponding pingCtlProbeCount object. After a single test is completed the number of seconds as defined by the value of pingCtlFrequency MUST elapse before the next ping test is started. A value of 0 for this object implies that the test as defined by the corresponding entry will not be repeated." DEFVAL { 0 } Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 21]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 ::= { pingCtlEntry 10 } pingCtlMaxRows OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 UNITS "rows" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The maximum number of corresponding entries allowed in the pingProbeHistoryTable. An implementation of this MIB will remove the oldest corresponding entry in the pingProbeHistoryTable to allow the addition of an new entry once the number of corresponding rows in the pingProbeHistoryTable reaches this value. Old entries are not removed when a new test is started. Entries are added to the pingProbeHistoryTable until pingCtlMaxRows is reached before entries begin to be removed. A value of 0 for this object disables creation of pingProbeHistoryTable entries." DEFVAL { 50 } ::= { pingCtlEntry 11 } pingCtlStorageType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX StorageType MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The storage type for this conceptual row. Conceptual rows having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any columnar objects in the row." DEFVAL { nonVolatile } ::= { pingCtlEntry 12 } pingCtlTrapGeneration OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX BITS { probeFailure(0), testFailure(1), testCompletion(2) } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of this object determines when and whether to generate a notification for this entry: Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 22]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 probeFailure(0) - Generate a pingProbeFailed notification subject to the value of pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter. The object pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter can be used to specify the number of consecutive probe failures that are required before a pingProbeFailed notification can be generated. testFailure(1) - Generate a pingTestFailed notification. In this instance the object pingCtlTrapTestFailureFilter can be used to determine the number of probe failures that signal when a test fails. testCompletion(2) - Generate a pingTestCompleted notification. By default, no bits are set, indicating that none of the above options is selected." DEFVAL { {} } -- no bits set. ::= { pingCtlEntry 13 } pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (0..15) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of this object is used to determine when to generate a pingProbeFailed NOTIFICATION. Setting BIT probeFailure(0) of object pingCtlTrapGeneration to '1' implies that a pingProbeFailed NOTIFICATION is generated only when a number of consecutive ping probes equal to the value of pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter fail within a given ping test. After triggering the notification, the probe failure counter is reset to zero." DEFVAL { 1 } ::= { pingCtlEntry 14 } pingCtlTrapTestFailureFilter OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (0..15) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of this object is used to determine when to generate a pingTestFailed NOTIFICATION. Setting BIT testFailure(1) of object Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 23]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 pingCtlTrapGeneration to '1' implies that a pingTestFailed NOTIFICATION is generated only when a number of consecutive ping tests equal to the value of pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter fail. After triggering the notification, the test failure counter is reset to zero." DEFVAL { 1 } ::= { pingCtlEntry 15 } pingCtlType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OBJECT IDENTIFIER MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of this object is used either to report or to select the implementation method to be used for calculating a ping response time. The value of this object MAY be selected from pingImplementationTypeDomains. Additional implementation types SHOULD be allocated as required by implementers of the DISMAN-PING-MIB under their enterprise-specific registration point and not beneath pingImplementationTypeDomains." DEFVAL { pingIcmpEcho } ::= { pingCtlEntry 16 } pingCtlDescr OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The purpose of this object is to provide a descriptive name of the remote ping test." DEFVAL { ''H } ::= { pingCtlEntry 17 } pingCtlSourceAddressType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddressType MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the type of the source address, pingCtlSourceAddress, to be used at a remote host when a ping operation is performed." DEFVAL { unknown } ::= { pingCtlEntry 18 } Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 24]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 pingCtlSourceAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddress MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Use the specified IP address (which must be given in numeric form, not as a hostname) as the source address in outgoing probe packets. On hosts with more than one IP address, this option can be used to select the address to be used. If the IP address is not one of this machine's interface addresses, an error is returned and nothing is sent. A zero-length octet string value for this object disables source address specification. The address type (InetAddressType) that relates to this object is specified by the corresponding value of pingCtlSourceAddressType." DEFVAL { ''H } ::= { pingCtlEntry 19 } pingCtlIfIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InterfaceIndexOrZero MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Setting this object to an interface's ifIndex prior to starting a remote ping operation directs the ping probes to be transmitted over the specified interface. A value of zero for this object means that this option is not enabled." DEFVAL { 0 } ::= { pingCtlEntry 20 } pingCtlByPassRouteTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TruthValue MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The purpose of this object is to enable optional bypassing the route table. If enabled, the remote host will bypass the normal routing tables and send directly to a host on an attached network. If the host is not on a directly attached network, an error is returned. This option can be used to perform the ping operation to a local host through an interface that has no route defined (e.g., after the interface was dropped by the routing daemon at the host)." Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 25]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 DEFVAL { false } ::= { pingCtlEntry 21 } pingCtlDSField OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (0..255) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the value to store in the Type of Service (TOS) octet in the IPv4 header or in the Traffic Class octet in the IPv6 header, respectively, of the IP packet used to encapsulate the ping probe. The octet to be set in the IP header contains the Differentiated Services (DS) Field in the six most significant bits. This option can be used to determine what effect an explicit DS Field setting has on a ping response. Not all values are legal or meaningful. A value of 0 means that the function represented by this option is not supported. DS Field usage is often not supported by IP implementations, and not all values are supported. Refer to RFC 2474 and RFC 3260 for guidance on usage of this field." REFERENCE "Refer to RFC 1812 for the definition of the IPv4 TOS octet and to RFC 2460 for the definition of the IPv6 Traffic Class octet. Refer to RFC 2474 and RFC 3260 for the definition of the Differentiated Services Field." DEFVAL { 0 } ::= { pingCtlEntry 22 } pingCtlRowStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX RowStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object allows entries to be created and deleted in the pingCtlTable. Deletion of an entry in this table results in the deletion of all corresponding (same pingCtlOwnerIndex and pingCtlTestName index values) pingResultsTable and pingProbeHistoryTable entries. A value MUST be specified for pingCtlTargetAddress prior to acceptance of a transition to active(1) state. When a value for pingCtlTargetAddress is set, Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 26]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 the value of object pingCtlRowStatus changes from notReady(3) to notInService(2). Activation of a remote ping operation is controlled via pingCtlAdminStatus, not by changing this object's value to active(1). Transitions in and out of active(1) state are not allowed while an entry's pingResultsOperStatus is active(1), with the exception that deletion of an entry in this table by setting its RowStatus object to destroy(6) will stop an active ping operation. The operational state of a ping operation can be determined by examination of its pingResultsOperStatus object." REFERENCE "See definition of RowStatus in RFC 2579, 'Textual Conventions for SMIv2.'" ::= { pingCtlEntry 23 } -- Ping Results Table pingResultsTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF PingResultsEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines the Ping Results Table for providing the capability of performing ping operations at a remote host. The results of these operations are stored in the pingResultsTable and the pingProbeHistoryTable. An entry is added to the pingResultsTable when an pingCtlEntry is started by successful transition of its pingCtlAdminStatus object to enabled(1). If the object pingCtlAdminStatus already has the value enabled(1), and if the corresponding pingResultsOperStatus object has the value completed(3), then successfully writing enabled(1) to object pingCtlAdminStatus re-initializes the already existing entry in the pingResultsTable. The values of objects in the re-initialized entry are the same as the values of objects in a new entry would be. An entry is removed from the pingResultsTable when its corresponding pingCtlEntry is deleted." Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 27]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 ::= { pingObjects 3 } pingResultsEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX PingResultsEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines an entry in the pingResultsTable. The pingResultsTable has the same indexing as the pingCtlTable so that a pingResultsEntry corresponds to the pingCtlEntry that caused it to be created." INDEX { pingCtlOwnerIndex, pingCtlTestName } ::= { pingResultsTable 1 } PingResultsEntry ::= SEQUENCE { pingResultsOperStatus INTEGER, pingResultsIpTargetAddressType InetAddressType, pingResultsIpTargetAddress InetAddress, pingResultsMinRtt Unsigned32, pingResultsMaxRtt Unsigned32, pingResultsAverageRtt Unsigned32, pingResultsProbeResponses Gauge32, pingResultsSentProbes Gauge32, pingResultsRttSumOfSquares Unsigned32, pingResultsLastGoodProbe DateAndTime } pingResultsOperStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { enabled(1), -- test is in progress disabled(2), -- test has stopped completed(3) -- test is completed } MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Reflects the operational state of a pingCtlEntry: enabled(1) - Test is active. disabled(2) - Test has stopped. completed(3) - Test is completed." ::= { pingResultsEntry 1 } Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 28]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 pingResultsIpTargetAddressType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddressType MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object indicates the type of address stored in the corresponding pingResultsIpTargetAddress object." DEFVAL { unknown } ::= { pingResultsEntry 2 } pingResultsIpTargetAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddress MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object reports the IP address associated with a pingCtlTargetAddress value when the destination address is specified as a DNS name. The value of this object should be a zero-length octet string when a DNS name is not specified or when a specified DNS name fails to resolve. The address type (InetAddressType) that relates to this object is specified by the corresponding value of pingResultsIpTargetAddressType." DEFVAL { ''H } ::= { pingResultsEntry 3 } pingResultsMinRtt OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 UNITS "milliseconds" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The minimum ping round-trip-time (RTT) received. A value of 0 for this object implies that no RTT has been received." ::= { pingResultsEntry 4 } pingResultsMaxRtt OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 UNITS "milliseconds" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The maximum ping round-trip-time (RTT) received. A value of 0 for this object implies that no RTT has been received." Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 29]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 ::= { pingResultsEntry 5 } pingResultsAverageRtt OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 UNITS "milliseconds" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The current average ping round-trip-time (RTT)." ::= { pingResultsEntry 6 } pingResultsProbeResponses OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Gauge32 UNITS "responses" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of responses received for the corresponding pingCtlEntry and pingResultsEntry. The value of this object MUST be reported as 0 when no probe responses have been received." ::= { pingResultsEntry 7 } pingResultsSentProbes OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Gauge32 UNITS "probes" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of this object reflects the number of probes sent for the corresponding pingCtlEntry and pingResultsEntry. The value of this object MUST be reported as 0 when no probes have been sent." ::= { pingResultsEntry 8 } pingResultsRttSumOfSquares OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 UNITS "milliseconds" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object contains the sum of the squares for all ping responses received. Its purpose is to enable standard deviation calculation. The value of this object MUST be reported as 0 when no ping responses have been received." ::= { pingResultsEntry 9 } Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 30]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 pingResultsLastGoodProbe OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DateAndTime MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Date and time when the last response was received for a probe." ::= { pingResultsEntry 10 } -- Ping Probe History Table pingProbeHistoryTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF PingProbeHistoryEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines a table for storing the results of ping operations. The number of entries in this table is limited per entry in the pingCtlTable by the value of the corresponding pingCtlMaxRows object. An entry in this table is created when the result of a ping probe is determined. The initial 2 instance identifier index values identify the pingCtlEntry that a probe result (pingProbeHistoryEntry) belongs to. An entry is removed from this table when its corresponding pingCtlEntry is deleted. An implementation of this MIB will remove the oldest entry in the pingProbeHistoryTable of the corresponding entry in the pingCtlTable to allow the addition of an new entry once the number of rows in the pingProbeHistoryTable reaches the value specified by pingCtlMaxRows for the corresponding entry in the pingCtlTable." ::= { pingObjects 4 } pingProbeHistoryEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX PingProbeHistoryEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines an entry in the pingProbeHistoryTable. The first two index elements identify the pingCtlEntry that a pingProbeHistoryEntry belongs to. The third index element selects a single probe result." INDEX { Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 31]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 pingCtlOwnerIndex, pingCtlTestName, pingProbeHistoryIndex } ::= { pingProbeHistoryTable 1 } PingProbeHistoryEntry ::= SEQUENCE { pingProbeHistoryIndex Unsigned32, pingProbeHistoryResponse Unsigned32, pingProbeHistoryStatus OperationResponseStatus, pingProbeHistoryLastRC Integer32, pingProbeHistoryTime DateAndTime } pingProbeHistoryIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..'ffffffff'h) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An entry in this table is created when the result of a ping probe is determined. The initial 2 instance identifier index values identify the pingCtlEntry that a probe result (pingProbeHistoryEntry) belongs to. An implementation MUST start assigning pingProbeHistoryIndex values at 1 and wrap after exceeding the maximum possible value as defined by the limit of this object ('ffffffff'h)." ::= { pingProbeHistoryEntry 1 } pingProbeHistoryResponse OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 UNITS "milliseconds" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The amount of time measured in milliseconds from when a probe was sent to when its response was received or when it timed out. The value of this object is reported as 0 when it is not possible to transmit a probe." ::= { pingProbeHistoryEntry 2 } pingProbeHistoryStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OperationResponseStatus MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 32]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 DESCRIPTION "The result of a particular probe done by a remote host." ::= { pingProbeHistoryEntry 3 } pingProbeHistoryLastRC OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The last implementation-method-specific reply code received. If the ICMP Echo capability is being used, then a successful probe ends when an ICMP response is received that contains the code ICMP_ECHOREPLY(0). The ICMP codes are maintained by IANA. Standardized ICMP codes are listed at http://www.iana.org/assignments/icmp-parameters. The ICMPv6 codes are listed at http://www.iana.org/assignments/icmpv6-parameters." ::= { pingProbeHistoryEntry 4 } pingProbeHistoryTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DateAndTime MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Timestamp for when this probe result was determined." ::= { pingProbeHistoryEntry 5 } -- Notification Definition section pingProbeFailed NOTIFICATION-TYPE OBJECTS { pingCtlTargetAddressType, pingCtlTargetAddress, pingResultsOperStatus, pingResultsIpTargetAddressType, pingResultsIpTargetAddress, pingResultsMinRtt, pingResultsMaxRtt, pingResultsAverageRtt, pingResultsProbeResponses, pingResultsSentProbes, pingResultsRttSumOfSquares, pingResultsLastGoodProbe } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Generated when a probe failure is detected, when the Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 33]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 corresponding pingCtlTrapGeneration object is set to probeFailure(0), subject to the value of pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter. The object pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter can be used to specify the number of consecutive probe failures that are required before this notification can be generated." ::= { pingNotifications 1 } pingTestFailed NOTIFICATION-TYPE OBJECTS { pingCtlTargetAddressType, pingCtlTargetAddress, pingResultsOperStatus, pingResultsIpTargetAddressType, pingResultsIpTargetAddress, pingResultsMinRtt, pingResultsMaxRtt, pingResultsAverageRtt, pingResultsProbeResponses, pingResultsSentProbes, pingResultsRttSumOfSquares, pingResultsLastGoodProbe } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Generated when a ping test is determined to have failed, when the corresponding pingCtlTrapGeneration object is set to testFailure(1). In this instance, pingCtlTrapTestFailureFilter should specify the number of probes in a test required to have failed in order to consider the test failed." ::= { pingNotifications 2 } pingTestCompleted NOTIFICATION-TYPE OBJECTS { pingCtlTargetAddressType, pingCtlTargetAddress, pingResultsOperStatus, pingResultsIpTargetAddressType, pingResultsIpTargetAddress, pingResultsMinRtt, pingResultsMaxRtt, pingResultsAverageRtt, pingResultsProbeResponses, pingResultsSentProbes, pingResultsRttSumOfSquares, pingResultsLastGoodProbe Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 34]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Generated at the completion of a ping test when the corresponding pingCtlTrapGeneration object has the testCompletion(2) bit set." ::= { pingNotifications 3 } -- Conformance information -- Compliance statements pingCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { pingConformance 1 } pingGroups OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { pingConformance 2 } -- Compliance statements pingFullCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The compliance statement for SNMP entities that fully implement the DISMAN-PING-MIB." MODULE -- this module MANDATORY-GROUPS { pingMinimumGroup, pingCtlRowStatusGroup, pingHistoryGroup, pingNotificationsGroup } OBJECT pingMaxConcurrentRequests MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "The agent is not required to support set operations to this object." OBJECT pingCtlStorageType MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required." OBJECT pingCtlType MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. In addition, the only value that MUST be supported by an implementation is pingIcmpEcho." Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 35]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 OBJECT pingCtlSourceAddressType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access to this object is not required by implementations that are not capable of binding the send socket with a source address. An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses." OBJECT pingCtlSourceAddress SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access to this object is not required by implementations that are not capable of binding the send socket with a source address. An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses." OBJECT pingCtlIfIndex MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If write access is not supported, return a 0 as the value of this object. A value of 0 means that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT pingCtlByPassRouteTable MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access to this object is not required by implementations that are not capable of its implementation. The function represented by this object is implementable if the setsockopt SOL_SOCKET SO_DONTROUTE option is supported." OBJECT pingCtlDSField MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If write access is not supported, return a 0 as the value of this object. A value of 0 means that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT pingResultsIpTargetAddressType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } DESCRIPTION "An implementation is only required to Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 36]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses." OBJECT pingResultsIpTargetAddress SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) DESCRIPTION "An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 addresses." OBJECT pingResultsLastGoodProbe DESCRIPTION "This object is mandatory for implementations that have access to a system clock and that are capable of setting the values for DateAndTime objects. It is RECOMMENDED that when this object is not supported its values be reported as '0000000000000000'H." OBJECT pingProbeHistoryTime DESCRIPTION "This object is mandatory for implementations that have access to a system clock and that are capable of setting the values for DateAndTime objects. It is RECOMMENDED that when this object is not supported its values be reported as '0000000000000000'H." ::= { pingCompliances 2 } pingMinimumCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The minimum compliance statement for SNMP entities that implement the minimal subset of the DISMAN-PING-MIB. Implementors might choose this subset for small devices with limited resources." MODULE -- this module MANDATORY-GROUPS { pingMinimumGroup } GROUP pingCtlRowStatusGroup DESCRIPTION "A compliant implementation does not have to implement the pingCtlRowStatusGroup." GROUP pingHistoryGroup DESCRIPTION "A compliant implementation does not have to implement the pingHistoryGroup." GROUP pingNotificationsGroup DESCRIPTION "A compliant implementation does not have to implement Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 37]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 the pingNotificationsGroup." OBJECT pingMaxConcurrentRequests MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "The agent is not required to support set operations to this object." OBJECT pingCtlDataFill MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "The agent is not required to support set operations to this object." OBJECT pingCtlFrequency MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If write access is not supported, return a 0 as the value of this object. A value of 0 means that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT pingCtlMaxRows MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If the pingHistoryGroup is not implemented, then write access to this object MUST be disabled, and the object MUST return a value of 0 when retrieved." OBJECT pingCtlStorageType MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required." OBJECT pingCtlTrapGeneration MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If the pingNotificationsGroup is not implemented, then write access to this object MUST be disabled, and the object MUST return a value with no bit set when retrieved. No bit set indicates that not notification is generated." OBJECT pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 38]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 "If write access to pingCtlTrapGeneration is not supported, then write access to this object must also not be supported. In this case, return 0 as the value of this object." OBJECT pingCtlTrapTestFailureFilter MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "If write access to pingCtlTrapGeneration is not supported, then write access to this object must also not be supported. In this case, return 0 as the value of this object." OBJECT pingCtlType MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. In addition, the only value that MUST be supported by an implementation is pingIcmpEcho." OBJECT pingCtlDescr MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "The agent is not required to support set operations to this object." OBJECT pingCtlSourceAddressType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access to this object is not required by implementations that are not capable of binding the send socket with a source address. An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses." OBJECT pingCtlSourceAddress SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access to this object is not required by implementations that are not capable of binding the send socket with a source address. An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses." OBJECT pingCtlIfIndex MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If write access is Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 39]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 not supported, return a 0 as the value of this object. A value of 0 means that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT pingCtlByPassRouteTable MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If write access is not supported, return false(2) as the value of this object. A value of false(2) means that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT pingCtlDSField MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If write access is not supported, return a 0 as the value of this object. A value of 0 means that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT pingResultsIpTargetAddressType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } DESCRIPTION "An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses." OBJECT pingResultsIpTargetAddress SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) DESCRIPTION "An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 addresses." OBJECT pingResultsLastGoodProbe DESCRIPTION "This object is mandatory for implementations that have access to a system clock and that are capable of setting the values for DateAndTime objects. It is RECOMMENDED that when this object is not supported its values be reported as '0000000000000000'H." OBJECT pingProbeHistoryTime DESCRIPTION "If the pingHistoryGroup is implemented, then this object is mandatory for implementations that have access to a system clock and that are capable of setting the values for DateAndTime objects. It is RECOMMENDED that when this object is not supported its values Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 40]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 be reported as '0000000000000000'H." ::= { pingCompliances 3 } pingCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS deprecated DESCRIPTION "The compliance statement for the DISMAN-PING-MIB. This compliance statement has been deprecated because the group pingGroup and the pingTimeStampGroup have been split and deprecated. The pingFullCompliance statement is semantically identical to the deprecated pingCompliance statement." MODULE -- this module MANDATORY-GROUPS { pingGroup, pingNotificationsGroup } GROUP pingTimeStampGroup DESCRIPTION "This group is mandatory for implementations that have access to a system clock and that are capable of setting the values for DateAndTime objects. It is RECOMMENDED that when this group is not supported the values for the objects in this group be reported as '0000000000000000'H." OBJECT pingMaxConcurrentRequests MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "The agent is not required to support set operations to this object." OBJECT pingCtlStorageType MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. It is also allowed that implementations support only the volatile StorageType enumeration." OBJECT pingCtlType MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. In addition, the only value that MUST be supported by an implementation is pingIcmpEcho." Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 41]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 OBJECT pingCtlByPassRouteTable MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "This object is not required by implementations that are not capable of its implementation. The function represented by this object is implementable if the setsockopt SOL_SOCKET SO_DONTROUTE option is supported." OBJECT pingCtlSourceAddressType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "This object is not required by implementations that are not capable of binding the send socket with a source address. An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses." OBJECT pingCtlSourceAddress SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "This object is not required by implementations that are not capable of binding the send socket with a source address. An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 addresses." OBJECT pingCtlIfIndex MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. When write access is not supported, return a 0 as the value of this object. A value of 0 means that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT pingCtlDSField MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. When write access is not supported, return a 0 as the value of this object. A value of 0 means that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT pingResultsIpTargetAddressType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } DESCRIPTION "An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses." Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 42]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 OBJECT pingResultsIpTargetAddress SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) DESCRIPTION "An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 addresses." ::= { pingCompliances 1 } -- MIB groupings pingMinimumGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { pingMaxConcurrentRequests, pingCtlTargetAddressType, pingCtlTargetAddress, pingCtlDataSize, pingCtlTimeOut, pingCtlProbeCount, pingCtlAdminStatus, pingCtlDataFill, pingCtlFrequency, pingCtlMaxRows, pingCtlStorageType, pingCtlTrapGeneration, pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter, pingCtlTrapTestFailureFilter, pingCtlType, pingCtlDescr, pingCtlByPassRouteTable, pingCtlSourceAddressType, pingCtlSourceAddress, pingCtlIfIndex, pingCtlDSField, pingResultsOperStatus, pingResultsIpTargetAddressType, pingResultsIpTargetAddress, pingResultsMinRtt, pingResultsMaxRtt, pingResultsAverageRtt, pingResultsProbeResponses, pingResultsSentProbes, pingResultsRttSumOfSquares, pingResultsLastGoodProbe } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The group of objects that constitute the remote ping capability." Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 43]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 ::= { pingGroups 4 } pingCtlRowStatusGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { pingCtlRowStatus } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The RowStatus object of the pingCtlTable." ::= { pingGroups 5 } pingHistoryGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { pingProbeHistoryResponse, pingProbeHistoryStatus, pingProbeHistoryLastRC, pingProbeHistoryTime } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The group of objects that constitute the history capability." ::= { pingGroups 6 } pingNotificationsGroup NOTIFICATION-GROUP NOTIFICATIONS { pingProbeFailed, pingTestFailed, pingTestCompleted } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The notification that are required to be supported by implementations of this MIB." ::= { pingGroups 3 } pingGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { pingMaxConcurrentRequests, pingCtlTargetAddressType, pingCtlTargetAddress, pingCtlDataSize, pingCtlTimeOut, pingCtlProbeCount, pingCtlAdminStatus, pingCtlDataFill, pingCtlFrequency, Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 44]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 pingCtlMaxRows, pingCtlStorageType, pingCtlTrapGeneration, pingCtlTrapProbeFailureFilter, pingCtlTrapTestFailureFilter, pingCtlType, pingCtlDescr, pingCtlByPassRouteTable, pingCtlSourceAddressType, pingCtlSourceAddress, pingCtlIfIndex, pingCtlDSField, pingCtlRowStatus, pingResultsOperStatus, pingResultsIpTargetAddressType, pingResultsIpTargetAddress, pingResultsMinRtt, pingResultsMaxRtt, pingResultsAverageRtt, pingResultsProbeResponses, pingResultsSentProbes, pingResultsRttSumOfSquares, pingProbeHistoryResponse, pingProbeHistoryStatus, pingProbeHistoryLastRC } STATUS deprecated DESCRIPTION "The group of objects that constitute the remote ping capability." ::= { pingGroups 1 } pingTimeStampGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { pingResultsLastGoodProbe, pingProbeHistoryTime } STATUS deprecated DESCRIPTION "The group of DateAndTime objects." ::= { pingGroups 2 } END Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 45]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 4.2. DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE, Integer32, Gauge32, Unsigned32, mib-2, NOTIFICATION-TYPE, OBJECT-IDENTITY FROM SNMPv2-SMI -- RFC2578 RowStatus, StorageType, TruthValue, DateAndTime FROM SNMPv2-TC -- RFC2579 MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP, NOTIFICATION-GROUP FROM SNMPv2-CONF -- RFC2580 SnmpAdminString FROM SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB -- RFC3411 InterfaceIndexOrZero -- RFC2863 FROM IF-MIB InetAddressType, InetAddress FROM INET-ADDRESS-MIB -- RFC4001 OperationResponseStatus FROM DISMAN-PING-MIB; -- RFC4560 traceRouteMIB MODULE-IDENTITY LAST-UPDATED "200606130000Z" -- 13 June 2006 ORGANIZATION "IETF Distributed Management Working Group" CONTACT-INFO "Juergen Quittek NEC Europe Ltd. Network Laboratories Kurfuersten-Anlage 36 69115 Heidelberg Germany Phone: +49 6221 4342-115 Email: quittek@netlab.nec.de" DESCRIPTION "The Traceroute MIB (DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB) provides access to the traceroute capability at a remote host. Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). This version of this MIB module is part of RFC 4560; see the RFC itself for full legal notices." -- Revision history Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 46]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 REVISION "200606130000Z" -- 13 June 2006 DESCRIPTION "Updated version, published as RFC 4560. - Correctly considered IPv6 in DESCRIPTION clause of object traceRouteCtlDataSize - Replaced references to RFC 2575 by RFC 3415 - Replaced references to RFC 2571 by RFC 3411 - Replaced references to RFC 2851 by RFC 4001 - Clarified DESCRIPTION clause of object traceRouteResultsLastGoodPath - Changed range of object traceRouteCtlInitialTtl from (0..255) to (1..255) - Extended DESCRIPTION clause of traceRouteResultsTable describing re-initialization of entries - Changed SYNTAX of traceRouteResultsTestAttempts and traceRouteResultsTestSuccesses from Unsigned32 to Gauge32 - Changed status of traceRouteCompliance to deprecated - Added traceRouteFullCompliance and traceRouteMinimumCompliance - Changed status of traceRouteGroup and traceRouteTimeStampGroup to deprecated - Added traceRouteMinimumGroup, traceRouteCtlRowStatusGroup, and traceRouteHistoryGroup - Changed DEFVAL of object traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType from { ipv4 } to { unknown } - Changed DEFVAL of object traceRouteCtlDescr from { '00'H } to { ''H } - Added DEFVAL for object traceRouteCtlTrapGeneration of DEFVAL { { } }" REVISION "200009210000Z" -- 21 September 2000 DESCRIPTION "Initial version, published as RFC 2925." ::= { mib-2 81 } -- Top level structure of the MIB traceRouteNotifications OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { traceRouteMIB 0 } traceRouteObjects OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { traceRouteMIB 1 } traceRouteConformance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { traceRouteMIB 2 } -- The registration node (point) for traceroute implementation types traceRouteImplementationTypeDomains OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { traceRouteMIB 3 } Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 47]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 traceRouteUsingUdpProbes OBJECT-IDENTITY STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Indicates that an implementation is using UDP probes to perform the traceroute operation." ::= { traceRouteImplementationTypeDomains 1 } -- Simple Object Definitions traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 UNITS "requests" MAX-ACCESS read-write STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The maximum number of concurrent active traceroute requests that are allowed within an agent implementation. A value of 0 for this object implies that there is no limit for the number of concurrent active requests in effect. The limit applies only to new requests being activated. When a new value is set, the agent will continue processing all the requests already active, even if their number exceeds the limit just imposed." DEFVAL { 10 } ::= { traceRouteObjects 1 } -- Traceroute Control Table traceRouteCtlTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF TraceRouteCtlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines the Remote Operations Traceroute Control Table for providing the capability of invoking traceroute from a remote host. The results of traceroute operations can be stored in the traceRouteResultsTable, traceRouteProbeHistoryTable, and the traceRouteHopsTable." ::= { traceRouteObjects 2 } traceRouteCtlEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TraceRouteCtlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 48]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 "Defines an entry in the traceRouteCtlTable. The first index element, traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex, is of type SnmpAdminString, a textual convention that allows for use of the SNMPv3 View-Based Access Control Model (RFC 3415, VACM) and that allows a management application to identify its entries. The second index, traceRouteCtlTestName (also an SnmpAdminString), enables the same management application to have multiple requests outstanding." INDEX { traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex, traceRouteCtlTestName } ::= { traceRouteCtlTable 1 } TraceRouteCtlEntry ::= SEQUENCE { traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex SnmpAdminString, traceRouteCtlTestName SnmpAdminString, traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType InetAddressType, traceRouteCtlTargetAddress InetAddress, traceRouteCtlByPassRouteTable TruthValue, traceRouteCtlDataSize Unsigned32, traceRouteCtlTimeOut Unsigned32, traceRouteCtlProbesPerHop Unsigned32, traceRouteCtlPort Unsigned32, traceRouteCtlMaxTtl Unsigned32, traceRouteCtlDSField Unsigned32, traceRouteCtlSourceAddressType InetAddressType, traceRouteCtlSourceAddress InetAddress, traceRouteCtlIfIndex InterfaceIndexOrZero, traceRouteCtlMiscOptions SnmpAdminString, traceRouteCtlMaxFailures Unsigned32, traceRouteCtlDontFragment TruthValue, traceRouteCtlInitialTtl Unsigned32, traceRouteCtlFrequency Unsigned32, traceRouteCtlStorageType StorageType, traceRouteCtlAdminStatus INTEGER, traceRouteCtlDescr SnmpAdminString, traceRouteCtlMaxRows Unsigned32, traceRouteCtlTrapGeneration BITS, traceRouteCtlCreateHopsEntries TruthValue, traceRouteCtlType OBJECT IDENTIFIER, traceRouteCtlRowStatus RowStatus } traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32)) Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 49]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "To facilitate the provisioning of access control by a security administrator using the View-Based Access Control Model (RFC 3415, VACM) for tables in which multiple users may need to create or modify entries independently, the initial index is used as an 'owner index'. Such an initial index has a syntax of SnmpAdminString and can thus be trivially mapped to a securityName or groupName defined in VACM, in accordance with a security policy. When used in conjunction with such a security policy, all entries in the table belonging to a particular user (or group) will have the same value for this initial index. For a given user's entries in a particular table, the object identifiers for the information in these entries will have the same subidentifiers (except for the 'column' subidentifier) up to the end of the encoded owner index. To configure VACM to permit access to this portion of the table, one would create vacmViewTreeFamilyTable entries with the value of vacmViewTreeFamilySubtree including the owner index portion, and vacmViewTreeFamilyMask 'wildcarding' the column subidentifier. More elaborate configurations are possible." ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 1 } traceRouteCtlTestName OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32)) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The name of a traceroute test. This is locally unique, within the scope of a traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex." ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 2 } traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddressType MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the type of host address to be used on the traceroute request at the remote host." DEFVAL { unknown } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 3 } Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 50]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 traceRouteCtlTargetAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddress MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the host address used on the traceroute request at the remote host. The host address type can be determined by examining the value of the corresponding traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType. A value for this object MUST be set prior to transitioning its corresponding traceRouteCtlEntry to active(1) via traceRouteCtlRowStatus." ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 4 } traceRouteCtlByPassRouteTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TruthValue MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The purpose of this object is to enable optional bypassing the route table. If enabled, the remote host will bypass the normal routing tables and send directly to a host on an attached network. If the host is not on a directly attached network, an error is returned. This option can be used to perform the traceroute operation to a local host through an interface that has no route defined (e.g., after the interface was dropped by the routing daemon at the host)." DEFVAL { false } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 5 } traceRouteCtlDataSize OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (0..65507) UNITS "octets" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the size of the data portion of a traceroute request, in octets. If the RECOMMENDED traceroute method (UDP datagrams as probes) is used, then the value contained in this object MUST be applied. If another traceroute method is used for which the specified size is not appropriate, then the implementation SHOULD use whatever size (appropriate to the method) is closest to the specified size. Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 51]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 The maximum value for this object was computed by subtracting the smallest possible IP header size of 20 octets (IPv4 header with no options) and the UDP header size of 8 octets from the maximum IP packet size. An IP packet has a maximum size of 65535 octets (excluding IPv6 Jumbograms)." DEFVAL { 0 } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 6 } traceRouteCtlTimeOut OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..60) UNITS "seconds" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the time-out value, in seconds, for a traceroute request." DEFVAL { 3 } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 7 } traceRouteCtlProbesPerHop OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..10) UNITS "probes" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the number of times to reissue a traceroute request with the same time-to-live (TTL) value." DEFVAL { 3 } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 8 } traceRouteCtlPort OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..65535) UNITS "UDP Port" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the (initial) UDP port to send the traceroute request to. A port needs to be specified that is not in use at the destination (target) host. The default value for this object is the IANA assigned port, 33434, for the traceroute function." DEFVAL { 33434 } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 9 } traceRouteCtlMaxTtl OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..255) UNITS "time-to-live value" Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 52]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the maximum time-to-live value." DEFVAL { 30 } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 10 } traceRouteCtlDSField OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (0..255) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the value to store in the Type of Service (TOS) octet in the IPv4 header or in the Traffic Class octet in the IPv6 header, respectively, of the IP packet used to encapsulate the traceroute probe. The octet to be set in the IP header contains the Differentiated Services (DS) Field in the six most significant bits. This option can be used to determine what effect an explicit DS Field setting has on a traceroute response. Not all values are legal or meaningful. A value of 0 means that the function represented by this option is not supported. DS Field usage is often not supported by IP implementations, and not all values are supported. Refer to RFC 2474 and RFC 3260 for guidance on usage of this field." REFERENCE "Refer to RFC 1812 for the definition of the IPv4 TOS octet and to RFC 2460 for the definition of the IPv6 Traffic Class octet. Refer to RFC 2474 and RFC 3260 for the definition of the Differentiated Services Field." DEFVAL { 0 } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 11 } traceRouteCtlSourceAddressType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddressType MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the type of the source address, traceRouteCtlSourceAddress, to be used at a remote host when a traceroute operation is performed." DEFVAL { unknown } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 12 } Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 53]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 traceRouteCtlSourceAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddress MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Use the specified IP address (which must be given as an IP number, not a hostname) as the source address in outgoing probe packets. On hosts with more than one IP address, this option can be used to select the address to be used. If the IP address is not one of this machine's interface addresses, an error is returned, and nothing is sent. A zero-length octet string value for this object disables source address specification. The address type (InetAddressType) that relates to this object is specified by the corresponding value of traceRouteCtlSourceAddressType." DEFVAL { ''H } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 13 } traceRouteCtlIfIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InterfaceIndexOrZero MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Setting this object to an interface's ifIndex prior to starting a remote traceroute operation directs the traceroute probes to be transmitted over the specified interface. A value of zero for this object implies that this option is not enabled." DEFVAL { 0 } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 14 } traceRouteCtlMiscOptions OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Enables an application to specify implementation-dependent options." DEFVAL { ''H } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 15 } traceRouteCtlMaxFailures OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (0..255) UNITS "timeouts" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 54]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 "The value of this object indicates the maximum number of consecutive timeouts allowed before a remote traceroute request is terminated. A value of either 255 (maximum hop count/possible TTL value) or 0 indicates that the function of terminating a remote traceroute request when a specific number of consecutive timeouts are detected is disabled." DEFVAL { 5 } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 16 } traceRouteCtlDontFragment OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TruthValue MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object enables setting of the don't fragment flag (DF) in the IP header for a probe. Use of this object enables a manual PATH MTU test is performed." DEFVAL { false } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 17 } traceRouteCtlInitialTtl OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..255) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of this object specifies the initial TTL value to use. This enables bypassing the initial (often well known) portion of a path." DEFVAL { 1 } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 18 } traceRouteCtlFrequency OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 UNITS "seconds" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of seconds to wait before repeating a traceroute test, as defined by the value of the various objects in the corresponding row. After a single test is completed the number of seconds as defined by the value of traceRouteCtlFrequency MUST elapse before the next traceroute test is started. A value of 0 for this object implies that the test as defined by the corresponding entry will not be Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 55]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 repeated." DEFVAL { 0 } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 19 } traceRouteCtlStorageType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX StorageType MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The storage type for this conceptual row. Conceptual rows having the value 'permanent' need not allow write-access to any columnar objects in the row." DEFVAL { nonVolatile } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 20 } traceRouteCtlAdminStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { enabled(1), -- operation should be started disabled(2) -- operation should be stopped } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Reflects the desired state that an traceRouteCtlEntry should be in: enabled(1) - Attempt to activate the test as defined by this traceRouteCtlEntry. disabled(2) - Deactivate the test as defined by this traceRouteCtlEntry. Refer to the corresponding traceRouteResultsOperStatus to determine the operational state of the test defined by this entry." DEFVAL { disabled } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 21 } traceRouteCtlDescr OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The purpose of this object is to provide a descriptive name of the remote traceroute test." DEFVAL { ''H } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 22 } Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 56]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 traceRouteCtlMaxRows OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 UNITS "rows" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The maximum number of corresponding entries allowed in the traceRouteProbeHistoryTable. An implementation of this MIB will remove the oldest corresponding entry in the traceRouteProbeHistoryTable to allow the addition of an new entry once the number of corresponding rows in the traceRouteProbeHistoryTable reaches this value. Old entries are not removed when a new test is started. Entries are added to the traceRouteProbeHistoryTable until traceRouteCtlMaxRows is reached before entries begin to be removed. A value of 0 for this object disables creation of traceRouteProbeHistoryTable entries." DEFVAL { 50 } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 23 } traceRouteCtlTrapGeneration OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX BITS { pathChange(0), testFailure(1), testCompletion(2) } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of this object determines when and whether to generate a notification for this entry: pathChange(0) - Generate a traceRoutePathChange notification when the current path varies from a previously determined path. testFailure(1) - Generate a traceRouteTestFailed notification when the full path to a target can't be determined. testCompletion(2) - Generate a traceRouteTestCompleted notification when the path to a target has been determined. The value of this object defaults to an empty set, indicating that none of the above options has been selected." Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 57]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 DEFVAL { { } } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 24 } traceRouteCtlCreateHopsEntries OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TruthValue MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The current path for a traceroute test is kept in the traceRouteHopsTable on a per-hop basis when the value of this object is true(1)." DEFVAL { false } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 25 } traceRouteCtlType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OBJECT IDENTIFIER MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of this object is used either to report or to select the implementation method to be used for performing a traceroute operation. The value of this object may be selected from traceRouteImplementationTypeDomains. Additional implementation types should be allocated as required by implementers of the DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB under their enterprise specific registration point, not beneath traceRouteImplementationTypeDomains." DEFVAL { traceRouteUsingUdpProbes } ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 26 } traceRouteCtlRowStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX RowStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object allows entries to be created and deleted in the traceRouteCtlTable. Deletion of an entry in this table results in a deletion of all corresponding (same traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex and traceRouteCtlTestName index values) traceRouteResultsTable, traceRouteProbeHistoryTable, and traceRouteHopsTable entries. A value MUST be specified for traceRouteCtlTargetAddress prior to acceptance of a transition to active(1) state. Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 58]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 When a value for pingCtlTargetAddress is set, the value of object pingCtlRowStatus changes from notReady(3) to notInService(2). Activation of a remote traceroute operation is controlled via traceRouteCtlAdminStatus, and not by transitioning of this object's value to active(1). Transitions in and out of active(1) state are not allowed while an entry's traceRouteResultsOperStatus is active(1), with the exception that deletion of an entry in this table by setting its RowStatus object to destroy(6) will stop an active traceroute operation. The operational state of an traceroute operation can be determined by examination of the corresponding traceRouteResultsOperStatus object." REFERENCE "See definition of RowStatus in RFC 2579, 'Textual Conventions for SMIv2.'" ::= { traceRouteCtlEntry 27 } -- Traceroute Results Table traceRouteResultsTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF TraceRouteResultsEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines the Remote Operations Traceroute Results Table for keeping track of the status of a traceRouteCtlEntry. An entry is added to the traceRouteResultsTable when an traceRouteCtlEntry is started by successful transition of its traceRouteCtlAdminStatus object to enabled(1). If the object traceRouteCtlAdminStatus already has the value enabled(1), and if the corresponding traceRouteResultsOperStatus object has the value completed(3), then successfully writing enabled(1) to the object traceRouteCtlAdminStatus re-initializes the already existing entry in the traceRouteResultsTable. The values of objects in the re-initialized entry are the same as the values of objects in a new entry would be. An entry is removed from the traceRouteResultsTable when Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 59]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 its corresponding traceRouteCtlEntry is deleted." ::= { traceRouteObjects 3 } traceRouteResultsEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TraceRouteResultsEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines an entry in the traceRouteResultsTable. The traceRouteResultsTable has the same indexing as the traceRouteCtlTable so that a traceRouteResultsEntry corresponds to the traceRouteCtlEntry that caused it to be created." INDEX { traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex, traceRouteCtlTestName } ::= { traceRouteResultsTable 1 } TraceRouteResultsEntry ::= SEQUENCE { traceRouteResultsOperStatus INTEGER, traceRouteResultsCurHopCount Gauge32, traceRouteResultsCurProbeCount Gauge32, traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType InetAddressType, traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr InetAddress, traceRouteResultsTestAttempts Gauge32, traceRouteResultsTestSuccesses Gauge32, traceRouteResultsLastGoodPath DateAndTime } traceRouteResultsOperStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { enabled(1), -- test is in progress disabled(2), -- test has stopped completed(3) -- test is completed } MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Reflects the operational state of an traceRouteCtlEntry: enabled(1) - Test is active. disabled(2) - Test has stopped. completed(3) - Test is completed." ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 1 } traceRouteResultsCurHopCount OBJECT-TYPE Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 60]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 SYNTAX Gauge32 UNITS "hops" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Reflects the current TTL value (from 1 to 255) for a remote traceroute operation. Maximum TTL value is determined by traceRouteCtlMaxTtl." ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 2 } traceRouteResultsCurProbeCount OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Gauge32 UNITS "probes" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Reflects the current probe count (1..10) for a remote traceroute operation. The maximum probe count is determined by traceRouteCtlProbesPerHop." ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 3 } traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddressType MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object indicates the type of address stored in the corresponding traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr object." ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 4 } traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddress MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object reports the IP address associated with a traceRouteCtlTargetAddress value when the destination address is specified as a DNS name. The value of this object should be a zero-length octet string when a DNS name is not specified or when a specified DNS name fails to resolve." ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 5 } traceRouteResultsTestAttempts OBJECT-TYPE Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 61]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 SYNTAX Gauge32 UNITS "tests" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The current number of attempts to determine a path to a target. The value of this object MUST be started at 0." ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 6 } traceRouteResultsTestSuccesses OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Gauge32 UNITS "tests" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The current number of attempts to determine a path to a target that have succeeded. The value of this object MUST be reported as 0 when no attempts have succeeded." ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 7 } traceRouteResultsLastGoodPath OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DateAndTime MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The date and time when the last complete path was determined. A path is complete if responses were received or timeout occurred for each hop on the path; i.e., for each TTL value from the value of the corresponding traceRouteCtlInitialTtl object up to the end of the path or (if no reply from the target IP address was received) up to the value of the corresponding traceRouteCtlMaxTtl object." ::= { traceRouteResultsEntry 8 } -- Trace Route Probe History Table traceRouteProbeHistoryTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF TraceRouteProbeHistoryEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines the Remote Operations Traceroute Results Table for storing the results of a traceroute operation. An implementation of this MIB will remove the oldest Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 62]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 entry in the traceRouteProbeHistoryTable of the corresponding entry in the traceRouteCtlTable to allow the addition of a new entry once the number of rows in the traceRouteProbeHistoryTable reaches the value specified by traceRouteCtlMaxRows for the corresponding entry in the traceRouteCtlTable." ::= { traceRouteObjects 4 } traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TraceRouteProbeHistoryEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines a table for storing the results of a traceroute operation. Entries in this table are limited by the value of the corresponding traceRouteCtlMaxRows object. The first two index elements identify the traceRouteCtlEntry that a traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry belongs to. The third index element selects a single traceroute operation result. The fourth and fifth indexes select the hop and the probe for a particular traceroute operation." INDEX { traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex, traceRouteCtlTestName, traceRouteProbeHistoryIndex, traceRouteProbeHistoryHopIndex, traceRouteProbeHistoryProbeIndex } ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryTable 1 } TraceRouteProbeHistoryEntry ::= SEQUENCE { traceRouteProbeHistoryIndex Unsigned32, traceRouteProbeHistoryHopIndex Unsigned32, traceRouteProbeHistoryProbeIndex Unsigned32, traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddrType InetAddressType, traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddr InetAddress, traceRouteProbeHistoryResponse Unsigned32, traceRouteProbeHistoryStatus OperationResponseStatus, traceRouteProbeHistoryLastRC Integer32, traceRouteProbeHistoryTime DateAndTime } traceRouteProbeHistoryIndex OBJECT-TYPE Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 63]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..'ffffffff'h) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An entry in this table is created when the result of a traceroute probe is determined. The initial 2 instance identifier index values identify the traceRouteCtlEntry that a probe result (traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry) belongs to. An entry is removed from this table when its corresponding traceRouteCtlEntry is deleted. An implementation MUST start assigning traceRouteProbeHistoryIndex values at 1 and wrap after exceeding the maximum possible value, as defined by the limit of this object ('ffffffff'h)." ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 1 } traceRouteProbeHistoryHopIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..255) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Indicates which hop in a traceroute path the probe's results are for. The value of this object is initially determined by the value of traceRouteCtlInitialTtl." ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 2 } traceRouteProbeHistoryProbeIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..10) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Indicates the index of a probe for a particular hop in a traceroute path. The number of probes per hop is determined by the value of the corresponding traceRouteCtlProbesPerHop object." ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 3 } traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddrType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddressType MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This objects indicates the type of address stored in the corresponding traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddr object." ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 4 } Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 64]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddr OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddress MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The address of a hop in a traceroute path. This object is not allowed to be a DNS name. The value of the corresponding object, traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddrType, indicates this object's IP address type." ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 5 } traceRouteProbeHistoryResponse OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 UNITS "milliseconds" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The amount of time measured in milliseconds from when a probe was sent to when its response was received or when it timed out. The value of this object is reported as 0 when it is not possible to transmit a probe." ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 6 } traceRouteProbeHistoryStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OperationResponseStatus MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The result of a traceroute operation made by a remote host for a particular probe." ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 7 } traceRouteProbeHistoryLastRC OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The last implementation-method-specific reply code received. Traceroute is usually implemented by transmitting a series of probe packets with increasing time-to-live values. A probe packet is a UDP datagram encapsulated into an IP packet. Each hop in a path to the target (destination) host rejects the probe packets (probe's TTL too small, ICMP reply) until either the maximum TTL is exceeded or the target host is received." ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 8 } Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 65]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 traceRouteProbeHistoryTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DateAndTime MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Timestamp for when this probe's results were determined." ::= { traceRouteProbeHistoryEntry 9 } -- Traceroute Hop Results Table traceRouteHopsTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF TraceRouteHopsEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines the Remote Operations Traceroute Hop Table for keeping track of the results of traceroute tests on a per-hop basis." ::= { traceRouteObjects 5 } traceRouteHopsEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TraceRouteHopsEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines an entry in the traceRouteHopsTable. The first two index elements identify the traceRouteCtlEntry that a traceRouteHopsEntry belongs to. The third index element, traceRouteHopsHopIndex, selects a hop in a traceroute path." INDEX { traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex, traceRouteCtlTestName, traceRouteHopsHopIndex } ::= { traceRouteHopsTable 1 } TraceRouteHopsEntry ::= SEQUENCE { traceRouteHopsHopIndex Unsigned32, traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddressType InetAddressType, traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddress InetAddress, traceRouteHopsMinRtt Unsigned32, traceRouteHopsMaxRtt Unsigned32, traceRouteHopsAverageRtt Unsigned32, traceRouteHopsRttSumOfSquares Unsigned32, Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 66]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 traceRouteHopsSentProbes Unsigned32, traceRouteHopsProbeResponses Unsigned32, traceRouteHopsLastGoodProbe DateAndTime } traceRouteHopsHopIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..'ffffffff'h) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the hop index for a traceroute hop. Values for this object with respect to the same traceRouteCtlOwnerIndex and traceRouteCtlTestName MUST start at 1 and be given increasing values for subsequent hops. The value of traceRouteHopsHopIndex is not necessarily the number of the hop on the traced path. The traceRouteHopsTable keeps the current traceroute path per traceRouteCtlEntry if enabled by setting the corresponding traceRouteCtlCreateHopsEntries to true(1). All hops (traceRouteHopsTable entries) in a traceroute path MUST be updated at the same time when a traceroute operation is completed. Care needs to be applied when a path either changes or can't be determined. The initial portion of the path, up to the first hop change, MUST retain the same traceRouteHopsHopIndex values. The remaining portion of the path SHOULD be assigned new traceRouteHopsHopIndex values." ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 1 } traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddressType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddressType MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object indicates the type of address stored in the corresponding traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddress object." ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 2 } traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddress MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object reports the IP address associated with Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 67]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 the hop. A value for this object should be reported as a numeric IP address, not as a DNS name. The address type (InetAddressType) that relates to this object is specified by the corresponding value of pingCtlSourceAddressType." ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 3 } traceRouteHopsMinRtt OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The minimum traceroute round-trip-time (RTT) received for this hop. A value of 0 for this object implies that no RTT has been received." ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 4 } traceRouteHopsMaxRtt OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The maximum traceroute round-trip-time (RTT) received for this hop. A value of 0 for this object implies that no RTT has been received." ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 5 } traceRouteHopsAverageRtt OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The current average traceroute round-trip-time (RTT) for this hop." ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 6 } traceRouteHopsRttSumOfSquares OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object contains the sum of the squares of all round-trip-times received for this hop. Its purpose is to enable standard deviation calculation." ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 7 } traceRouteHopsSentProbes OBJECT-TYPE Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 68]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 SYNTAX Unsigned32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The value of this object reflects the number of probes sent for this hop during this traceroute test. The value of this object should start at 0." ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 8 } traceRouteHopsProbeResponses OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Number of responses received for this hop during this traceroute test. This value of this object should start at 0." ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 9 } traceRouteHopsLastGoodProbe OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX DateAndTime MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Date and time at which the last response was received for a probe for this hop during this traceroute test." ::= { traceRouteHopsEntry 10 } -- Notification Definition section traceRoutePathChange NOTIFICATION-TYPE OBJECTS { traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType, traceRouteCtlTargetAddress, traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType, traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The path to a target has changed." ::= { traceRouteNotifications 1 } traceRouteTestFailed NOTIFICATION-TYPE OBJECTS { traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType, traceRouteCtlTargetAddress, traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType, traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 69]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Could not determine the path to a target." ::= { traceRouteNotifications 2 } traceRouteTestCompleted NOTIFICATION-TYPE OBJECTS { traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType, traceRouteCtlTargetAddress, traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType, traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The path to a target has just been determined." ::= { traceRouteNotifications 3 } -- Conformance information -- Compliance statements traceRouteCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { traceRouteConformance 1 } traceRouteGroups OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { traceRouteConformance 2 } -- Compliance statements traceRouteFullCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The compliance statement for SNMP entities that fully implement the DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB." MODULE -- this module MANDATORY-GROUPS { traceRouteMinimumGroup, traceRouteCtlRowStatusGroup, traceRouteHistoryGroup } GROUP traceRouteHopsTableGroup DESCRIPTION "This group lists the objects that make up a traceRouteHopsEntry. Support of the traceRouteHopsTable is optional." GROUP traceRouteNotificationsGroup DESCRIPTION Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 70]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 "This group defines a collection of optional notifications." OBJECT traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "The agent is not required to support SET operations to this object." OBJECT traceRouteCtlByPassRouteTable MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access to this object is not required by implementations that are not capable of its implementation. The function represented by this object is implementable if the setsockopt SOL_SOCKET SO_DONTROUTE option is supported." OBJECT traceRouteCtlDSField MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If write access is not supported, return a 0 as the value of this object. A value of 0 implies that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT traceRouteCtlSourceAddressType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access to this object is not required by implementations that are not capable of binding the send socket with a source address. An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses." OBJECT traceRouteCtlSourceAddress SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access to this object is not required by implementations that are not capable of binding the send socket with a source address. An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses." OBJECT traceRouteCtlIfIndex MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If write access is Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 71]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 not supported, return a 0 as the value of this object. A value of 0 implies that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT traceRouteCtlMiscOptions MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Support of this object is optional. If not supporting, do not allow write access and return a zero-length octet string as the value of the object." OBJECT traceRouteCtlStorageType MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. It is also allowed that implementations support only the volatile(2) StorageType enumeration." OBJECT traceRouteCtlType MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. In addition, the only value that is RECOMMENDED to be supported by an implementation is traceRouteUsingUdpProbes." OBJECT traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteResultsLastGoodPath DESCRIPTION "If the traceRouteHopsTableGroup is implemented, then this object is mandatory for implementations that have access to a system clock and that are capable of setting the values for DateAndTime objects. It is RECOMMENDED that when this object is not supported its values be reported as '0000000000000000'H." OBJECT traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddrType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 72]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddr SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteProbeHistoryTime DESCRIPTION "This object is mandatory for implementations that have access to a system clock and that are capable of setting the values for DateAndTime objects. It is RECOMMENDED that when this object is not supported its values be reported as '0000000000000000'H." OBJECT traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddressType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddress SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteHopsLastGoodProbe DESCRIPTION "This object is mandatory for implementations that have access to a system clock and that are capable of setting the values for DateAndTime objects. It is RECOMMENDED that when this object is not supported its values be reported as '0000000000000000'H." ::= { traceRouteCompliances 2 } traceRouteMinimumCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The minimum compliance statement for SNMP entities which implement the minimal subset of the DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB. Implementors might choose this subset for small devices with limited resources." MODULE -- this module Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 73]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 MANDATORY-GROUPS { traceRouteMinimumGroup } GROUP traceRouteCtlRowStatusGroup DESCRIPTION "A compliant implementation does not have to implement the traceRouteCtlRowStatusGroup." GROUP traceRouteHistoryGroup DESCRIPTION "A compliant implementation does not have to implement the traceRouteHistoryGroup." GROUP traceRouteHopsTableGroup DESCRIPTION "This group lists the objects that make up a traceRouteHopsEntry. Support of the traceRouteHopsTable is optional." GROUP traceRouteNotificationsGroup DESCRIPTION "This group defines a collection of optional notifications." OBJECT traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "The agent is not required to support SET operations to this object." OBJECT traceRouteCtlByPassRouteTable MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If write access is not supported, return a false(2) as the value of this object. A value of false(2) means that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT traceRouteCtlDSField MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If write access is not supported, return a 0 as the value of this object. A value of 0 implies that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT traceRouteCtlSourceAddressType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } MIN-ACCESS read-only Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 74]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 DESCRIPTION "Write access to this object is not required by implementations that are not capable of binding the send socket with a source address. An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses." OBJECT traceRouteCtlSourceAddress SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access to this object is not required by implementations that are not capable of binding the send socket with a source address. An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses." OBJECT traceRouteCtlIfIndex MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If write access is not supported, return a 0 as the value of this object. A value of 0 implies that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT traceRouteCtlMiscOptions MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Support of this object is optional. If not supporting, do not allow write access, and return a zero-length octet string as the value of the object." OBJECT traceRouteCtlDontFragment MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If write access is not supported, return a false(2) as the value of this object. A value of false(2) means that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT traceRouteCtlInitialTtl MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If write access is not supported, return a 1 as the value of this object." OBJECT traceRouteCtlFrequency MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 75]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 "Write access is not required. If write access is not supported, return a 0 as the value of this object. A value of 0 implies that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT traceRouteCtlStorageType MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. It is also allowed that implementations support only the volatile(2) StorageType enumeration." OBJECT traceRouteCtlDescr MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "The agent is not required to support set operations to this object." OBJECT traceRouteCtlMaxRows MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If the traceRouteHistoryGroup is not implemented, then write access to this object MUST be disabled, and the object MUST return a value of 0 when retrieved." OBJECT traceRouteCtlTrapGeneration MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If the traceRouteNotificationsGroup is not implemented, then write access to this object MUST be disabled, and the object MUST return a value with no bit set when retrieved. No bit set indicates that no notification is generated." OBJECT traceRouteCtlCreateHopsEntries MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If the traceRouteHopsTableGroup is not implemented, then write access to this object MUST be disabled, and the object MUST return a value of false(2) when retrieved." OBJECT traceRouteCtlType MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. In addition, the only Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 76]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 value that is RECOMMENDED to be supported by an implementation is traceRouteUsingUdpProbes." OBJECT traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteResultsLastGoodPath DESCRIPTION "This object is mandatory for implementations that have access to a system clock and that are capable of setting the values for DateAndTime objects. It is RECOMMENDED that when this object is not supported its values be reported as '0000000000000000'H." OBJECT traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddrType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddr SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteProbeHistoryTime DESCRIPTION "If the traceRouteHistoryGroup is implemented, then this object is mandatory for implementations that have access to a system clock and that are capable of setting the values for DateAndTime objects. It is RECOMMENDED that when this object is not supported its values be reported as '0000000000000000'H." OBJECT traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddressType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 77]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddress SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteHopsLastGoodProbe DESCRIPTION "If the traceRouteHopsTableGroup is implemented, then this object is mandatory for implementations that have access to a system clock and that are capable of setting the values for DateAndTime objects. It is RECOMMENDED that when this object is not supported its values be reported as '0000000000000000'H." ::= { traceRouteCompliances 3 } traceRouteCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS deprecated DESCRIPTION "The compliance statement for the DISMAN-TRACEROUTE-MIB. This compliance statement has been deprecated because the traceRouteGroup and the traceRouteTimeStampGroup have been split and deprecated. The traceRouteFullCompliance is semantically identical to the deprecated traceRouteCompliance statement." MODULE -- this module MANDATORY-GROUPS { traceRouteGroup } GROUP traceRouteTimeStampGroup DESCRIPTION "This group is mandatory for implementations that have access to a system clock and that are capable of setting the values for DateAndTime objects." GROUP traceRouteNotificationsGroup DESCRIPTION "This group defines a collection of optional notifications." GROUP traceRouteHopsTableGroup DESCRIPTION "This group lists the objects that make up a traceRouteHopsEntry. Support of the traceRouteHopsTable is optional." Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 78]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 OBJECT traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "The agent is not required to support SET operations to this object." OBJECT traceRouteCtlByPassRouteTable MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "This object is not required by implementations that are not capable of its implementation. The function represented by this object is implementable if the setsockopt SOL_SOCKET SO_DONTROUTE option is supported." OBJECT traceRouteCtlSourceAddressType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "This object is not required by implementations that are not capable of binding the send socket with a source address. An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and IPv6 addresses." OBJECT traceRouteCtlSourceAddress SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "This object is not required by implementations that are not capable of binding the send socket with a source address. An implementation is only required to support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 addresses." OBJECT traceRouteCtlIfIndex MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. When write access is not supported, return a 0 as the value of this object. A value of 0 implies that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT traceRouteCtlMiscOptions MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Support of this object is optional. When not supporting, do not allow write access, and return a zero-length octet string as the value of the object." Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 79]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 OBJECT traceRouteCtlStorageType MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. It is also allowed that implementations support only the volatile StorageType enumeration." OBJECT traceRouteCtlDSField MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. When write access is not supported, return a 0 as the value of this object. A value of 0 implies that the function represented by this option is not supported." OBJECT traceRouteCtlType MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. In addition, the only value that is RECOMMENDED to be supported by an implementation is traceRouteUsingUdpProbes." OBJECT traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddrType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddr SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddressType SYNTAX InetAddressType { unknown(0), ipv4(1), ipv6(2) } Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 80]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." OBJECT traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddress SYNTAX InetAddress (SIZE(0|4|16)) DESCRIPTION "An implementation should only support IPv4 and globally unique IPv6 address values for this object." ::= { traceRouteCompliances 1 } -- MIB groupings traceRouteMinimumGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests, traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType, traceRouteCtlTargetAddress, traceRouteCtlByPassRouteTable, traceRouteCtlDataSize, traceRouteCtlTimeOut, traceRouteCtlProbesPerHop, traceRouteCtlPort, traceRouteCtlMaxTtl, traceRouteCtlDSField, traceRouteCtlSourceAddressType, traceRouteCtlSourceAddress, traceRouteCtlIfIndex, traceRouteCtlMiscOptions, traceRouteCtlMaxFailures, traceRouteCtlDontFragment, traceRouteCtlInitialTtl, traceRouteCtlFrequency, traceRouteCtlStorageType, traceRouteCtlAdminStatus, traceRouteCtlMaxRows, traceRouteCtlTrapGeneration, traceRouteCtlDescr, traceRouteCtlCreateHopsEntries, traceRouteCtlType, traceRouteResultsOperStatus, traceRouteResultsCurHopCount, traceRouteResultsCurProbeCount, traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType, traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr, traceRouteResultsTestAttempts, traceRouteResultsTestSuccesses, traceRouteResultsLastGoodPath Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 81]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The group of objects that constitute the remote traceroute operation." ::= { traceRouteGroups 5 } traceRouteCtlRowStatusGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { traceRouteCtlRowStatus } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The RowStatus object of the traceRouteCtlTable." ::= { traceRouteGroups 6 } traceRouteHistoryGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddrType, traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddr, traceRouteProbeHistoryResponse, traceRouteProbeHistoryStatus, traceRouteProbeHistoryLastRC, traceRouteProbeHistoryTime } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The group of objects that constitute the history capability." ::= { traceRouteGroups 7 } traceRouteNotificationsGroup NOTIFICATION-GROUP NOTIFICATIONS { traceRoutePathChange, traceRouteTestFailed, traceRouteTestCompleted } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The notifications that are required to be supported by implementations of this MIB." ::= { traceRouteGroups 3 } traceRouteHopsTableGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddressType, traceRouteHopsIpTgtAddress, Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 82]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 traceRouteHopsMinRtt, traceRouteHopsMaxRtt, traceRouteHopsAverageRtt, traceRouteHopsRttSumOfSquares, traceRouteHopsSentProbes, traceRouteHopsProbeResponses, traceRouteHopsLastGoodProbe } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The group of objects that constitute the traceRouteHopsTable." ::= { traceRouteGroups 4 } traceRouteGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests, traceRouteCtlTargetAddressType, traceRouteCtlTargetAddress, traceRouteCtlByPassRouteTable, traceRouteCtlDataSize, traceRouteCtlTimeOut, traceRouteCtlProbesPerHop, traceRouteCtlPort, traceRouteCtlMaxTtl, traceRouteCtlDSField, traceRouteCtlSourceAddressType, traceRouteCtlSourceAddress, traceRouteCtlIfIndex, traceRouteCtlMiscOptions, traceRouteCtlMaxFailures, traceRouteCtlDontFragment, traceRouteCtlInitialTtl, traceRouteCtlFrequency, traceRouteCtlStorageType, traceRouteCtlAdminStatus, traceRouteCtlMaxRows, traceRouteCtlTrapGeneration, traceRouteCtlDescr, traceRouteCtlCreateHopsEntries, traceRouteCtlType, traceRouteCtlRowStatus, traceRouteResultsOperStatus, traceRouteResultsCurHopCount, traceRouteResultsCurProbeCount, traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddrType, traceRouteResultsIpTgtAddr, traceRouteResultsTestAttempts, Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 83]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 traceRouteResultsTestSuccesses, traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddrType, traceRouteProbeHistoryHAddr, traceRouteProbeHistoryResponse, traceRouteProbeHistoryStatus, traceRouteProbeHistoryLastRC } STATUS deprecated DESCRIPTION "The group of objects that constitute the remote traceroute operation." ::= { traceRouteGroups 1 } traceRouteTimeStampGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { traceRouteResultsLastGoodPath, traceRouteProbeHistoryTime } STATUS deprecated DESCRIPTION "The group of DateAndTime objects." ::= { traceRouteGroups 2 } END 4.3. DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE, Unsigned32, mib-2, Integer32 FROM SNMPv2-SMI -- RFC2578 RowStatus FROM SNMPv2-TC -- RFC2579 MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP FROM SNMPv2-CONF -- RFC2580 SnmpAdminString FROM SNMP-FRAMEWORK-MIB -- RFC3411 InetAddressType, InetAddress FROM INET-ADDRESS-MIB; -- RFC4001 lookupMIB MODULE-IDENTITY LAST-UPDATED "200606130000Z" -- 13 June 2006 ORGANIZATION "IETF Distributed Management Working Group" CONTACT-INFO "Juergen Quittek Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 84]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 NEC Europe Ltd. Network Laboratories Kurfuersten-Anlage 36 69115 Heidelberg Germany Phone: +49 6221 4342-115 Email: quittek@netlab.nec.de" DESCRIPTION "The Lookup MIB (DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB) enables determination of either the name(s) corresponding to a host address or of the address(es) associated with a host name at a remote host. Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). This version of this MIB module is part of RFC 4560; see the RFC itself for full legal notices." -- Revision history REVISION "200606130000Z" -- 13 June 2006 DESCRIPTION "Updated version, published as RFC 4560. - Replaced references to RFC 2575 by RFC 3415 - Replaced references to RFC 2571 by RFC 3411 - Replaced references to RFC 2851 by RFC 4001 - Added value enabled(1) to SYNTAX clause of lookupCtlOperStatus - Added lookupMinimumCompliance - Defined semantics of value 0 for object lookupPurgeTime - Added DEFVAL { unknown } to object lookupCtlTargetAddressType OBJECT-TYPE" REVISION "200009210000Z" -- 21 September 2000 DESCRIPTION "Initial version, published as RFC 2925." ::= { mib-2 82 } -- Top level structure of the MIB lookupObjects OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { lookupMIB 1 } lookupConformance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { lookupMIB 2 } -- Simple Object Definitions lookupMaxConcurrentRequests OBJECT-TYPE Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 85]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 SYNTAX Unsigned32 UNITS "requests" MAX-ACCESS read-write STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The maximum number of concurrent active lookup requests that are allowed within an agent implementation. A value of 0 for this object implies that there is no limit for the number of concurrent active requests in effect. The limit applies only to new requests being activated. When a new value is set, the agent will continue processing all the requests already active, even if their number exceed the limit just imposed." DEFVAL { 10 } ::= { lookupObjects 1 } lookupPurgeTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (0..86400) UNITS "seconds" MAX-ACCESS read-write STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The amount of time to wait before automatically deleting an entry in the lookupCtlTable and any dependent lookupResultsTable entries after the lookup operation represented by a lookupCtlEntry has been completed. A lookupCtEntry is considered complete when its lookupCtlOperStatus object has a value of completed(3). A value of 0 indicates that automatic deletion of entries is disabled." DEFVAL { 900 } -- 15 minutes as default ::= { lookupObjects 2 } -- Lookup Control Table lookupCtlTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF LookupCtlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines the Lookup Control Table for providing the capability of performing a lookup operation for a symbolic host name or for a host address from a remote host." Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 86]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 ::= { lookupObjects 3 } lookupCtlEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX LookupCtlEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines an entry in the lookupCtlTable. A lookupCtlEntry is initially indexed by lookupCtlOwnerIndex, which is a type of SnmpAdminString, a textual convention that allows for the use of the SNMPv3 View-Based Access Control Model (RFC 3415, VACM) and that also allows a management application to identify its entries. The second index element, lookupCtlOperationName, enables the same lookupCtlOwnerIndex entity to have multiple outstanding requests. The value of lookupCtlTargetAddressType determines which lookup function to perform." INDEX { lookupCtlOwnerIndex, lookupCtlOperationName } ::= { lookupCtlTable 1 } LookupCtlEntry ::= SEQUENCE { lookupCtlOwnerIndex SnmpAdminString, lookupCtlOperationName SnmpAdminString, lookupCtlTargetAddressType InetAddressType, lookupCtlTargetAddress InetAddress, lookupCtlOperStatus INTEGER, lookupCtlTime Unsigned32, lookupCtlRc Integer32, lookupCtlRowStatus RowStatus } lookupCtlOwnerIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32)) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "To facilitate the provisioning of access control by a security administrator using the View-Based Access Control Model (RFC 2575, VACM) for tables in which multiple users may need to create or modify entries independently, the initial index is used as an 'owner index'. Such an initial index has a syntax of SnmpAdminString and can thus be trivially mapped to a Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 87]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 securityName or groupName defined in VACM, in accordance with a security policy. When used in conjunction with such a security policy all entries in the table belonging to a particular user (or group) will have the same value for this initial index. For a given user's entries in a particular table, the object identifiers for the information in these entries will have the same subidentifiers (except for the 'column' subidentifier) up to the end of the encoded owner index. To configure VACM to permit access to this portion of the table, one would create vacmViewTreeFamilyTable entries with the value of vacmViewTreeFamilySubtree including the owner index portion, and vacmViewTreeFamilyMask 'wildcarding' the column subidentifier. More elaborate configurations are possible." ::= { lookupCtlEntry 1 } lookupCtlOperationName OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SnmpAdminString (SIZE(0..32)) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The name of a lookup operation. This is locally unique, within the scope of an lookupCtlOwnerIndex." ::= { lookupCtlEntry 2 } lookupCtlTargetAddressType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddressType MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the type of address for performing a lookup operation for a symbolic host name or for a host address from a remote host. Specification of dns(16) as the value for this object means that a function such as, for example, getaddrinfo() or gethostbyname() should be performed to return one or more numeric addresses. Use of a value of either ipv4(1) or ipv6(2) means that a functions such as, for example, getnameinfo() or gethostbyaddr() should be used to return the symbolic names associated with a host." DEFVAL { unknown } ::= { lookupCtlEntry 3 } Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 88]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 lookupCtlTargetAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddress MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Specifies the address used for a resolver lookup at a remote host. The corresponding lookupCtlTargetAddressType objects determines its type, as well as the function that can be requested. A value for this object MUST be set prior to transitioning its corresponding lookupCtlEntry to active(1) via lookupCtlRowStatus." ::= { lookupCtlEntry 4 } lookupCtlOperStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { enabled(1), -- operation is active notStarted(2), -- operation has not started completed(3) -- operation is done } MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Reflects the operational state of an lookupCtlEntry: enabled(1) - Operation is active. notStarted(2) - Operation has not been enabled. completed(3) - Operation has been completed. An operation is automatically enabled(1) when its lookupCtlRowStatus object is transitioned to active(1) status. Until this occurs, lookupCtlOperStatus MUST report a value of notStarted(2). After the lookup operation is completed (success or failure), the value for lookupCtlOperStatus MUST be transitioned to completed(3)." ::= { lookupCtlEntry 5 } lookupCtlTime OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 UNITS "milliseconds" MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Reports the number of milliseconds that a lookup operation required to be completed at a remote host. Completed means operation failure as well as Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 89]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 success." ::= { lookupCtlEntry 6 } lookupCtlRc OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The system-specific return code from a lookup operation. All implementations MUST return a value of 0 for this object when the remote lookup operation succeeds. A non-zero value for this objects indicates failure. It is recommended that implementations return the error codes that are generated by the lookup function used." ::= { lookupCtlEntry 7 } lookupCtlRowStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX RowStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object allows entries to be created and deleted in the lookupCtlTable. A remote lookup operation is started when an entry in this table is created via an SNMP set request and the entry is activated. This occurs by setting the value of this object to CreateAndGo(4) during row creation or by setting this object to active(1) after the row is created. A value MUST be specified for lookupCtlTargetAddress prior to the acceptance of a transition to active(1) state. A remote lookup operation starts when its entry first becomes active(1). Transitions in and out of active(1) state have no effect on the operational behavior of a remote lookup operation, with the exception that deletion of an entry in this table by setting its RowStatus object to destroy(6) will stop an active remote lookup operation. The operational state of a remote lookup operation can be determined by examination of its lookupCtlOperStatus object." REFERENCE Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 90]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 "See definition of RowStatus in RFC 2579, 'Textual Conventions for SMIv2.'" ::= { lookupCtlEntry 8 } -- Lookup Results Table lookupResultsTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF LookupResultsEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines the Lookup Results Table for providing the capability of determining the results of a operation at a remote host. One or more entries are added to the lookupResultsTable when a lookup operation, as reflected by an lookupCtlEntry, is completed successfully. All entries related to a successful lookup operation MUST be added to the lookupResultsTable at the same time that the associating lookupCtlOperStatus object is transitioned to completed(2). The number of entries added depends on the results determined for a particular lookup operation. All entries associated with an lookupCtlEntry are removed when the lookupCtlEntry is deleted. A remote host can be multi-homed and have more than one IP address associated with it (returned by lookup function), or it can have more than one symbolic name (returned by lookup function). A function such as, for example, getnameinfo() or gethostbyaddr() is called with a host address as its parameter and is used primarily to determine a symbolic name to associate with the host address. Entries in the lookupResultsTable MUST be made for each host name returned. If the function identifies an 'official host name,' then this symbolic name MUST be assigned a lookupResultsIndex of 1. A function such as, for example, getaddrinfo() or gethostbyname() is called with a symbolic host name and is used primarily to retrieve a host address. The entries Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 91]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 MUST be stored in the order that they are retrieved from the lookup function. lookupResultsIndex 1 MUST be assigned to the first entry." ::= { lookupObjects 4 } lookupResultsEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX LookupResultsEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Defines an entry in the lookupResultsTable. The first two index elements identify the lookupCtlEntry that a lookupResultsEntry belongs to. The third index element selects a single lookup operation result." INDEX { lookupCtlOwnerIndex, lookupCtlOperationName, lookupResultsIndex } ::= { lookupResultsTable 1 } LookupResultsEntry ::= SEQUENCE { lookupResultsIndex Unsigned32, lookupResultsAddressType InetAddressType, lookupResultsAddress InetAddress } lookupResultsIndex OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Unsigned32 (1..'ffffffff'h) MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Entries in the lookupResultsTable are created when the result of a lookup operation is determined. Entries MUST be stored in the lookupResultsTable in the order that they are retrieved. Values assigned to lookupResultsIndex MUST start at 1 and increase consecutively." ::= { lookupResultsEntry 1 } lookupResultsAddressType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddressType MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 92]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 "Indicates the type of result of a remote lookup operation. A value of unknown(0) implies either that the operation hasn't been started or that it has failed." ::= { lookupResultsEntry 2 } lookupResultsAddress OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX InetAddress MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Reflects a result for a remote lookup operation as per the value of lookupResultsAddressType. The address type (InetAddressType) that relates to this object is specified by the corresponding value of lookupResultsAddress." ::= { lookupResultsEntry 3 } -- Conformance information -- Compliance statements lookupCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { lookupConformance 1 } lookupGroups OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { lookupConformance 2 } -- Compliance statements lookupCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The compliance statement for SNMP entities that fully implement the DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB." MODULE -- this module MANDATORY-GROUPS { lookupGroup } OBJECT lookupMaxConcurrentRequests MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "The agent is not required to support set operations to this object." OBJECT lookupPurgeTime MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "The agent is not required to support a set operation to this object." Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 93]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 ::= { lookupCompliances 1 } lookupMinimumCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The minimum compliance statement for SNMP entities that implement the minimal subset of the DISMAN-NSLOOKUP-MIB. Implementors might choose this subset for small devices with limited resources." MODULE -- this module MANDATORY-GROUPS { lookupGroup } OBJECT lookupMaxConcurrentRequests MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "The agent is not required to support set operations to this object." OBJECT lookupPurgeTime MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "The agent is not required to support a set operation to this object." OBJECT lookupCtlRowStatus MIN-ACCESS read-only DESCRIPTION "Write access is not required. If write access is not supported, then at least one entry in the lookupCtlTable MUST be established already when the SNMP agent starts offering access to the NSLOOKUP-MIB module. If, in such a case, only a single entry is offered, then it is RECOMMENDED that this entry use strings with a length of 0 for both of its two index objects." ::= { lookupCompliances 2 } -- MIB groupings lookupGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { lookupMaxConcurrentRequests, lookupPurgeTime, lookupCtlOperStatus, lookupCtlTargetAddressType, lookupCtlTargetAddress, lookupCtlTime, lookupCtlRc, lookupCtlRowStatus, Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 94]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 lookupResultsAddressType, lookupResultsAddress } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The group of objects that constitute the remote Lookup operation." ::= { lookupGroups 1 } END 5. Security Considerations There are a number of management objects defined in the three MIB modules with a MAX-ACCESS clause of read-write and/or read-create. Such objects may be considered sensitive or vulnerable in some network environments. The support for SET operations in a non-secure environment without proper protection can have a negative effect on network operations. These are the tables and objects and their sensitivity/vulnerability: o pingMaxConcurrentRequests o traceRouteMaxConcurrentRequests o lookupMaxConcurrentRequests The MIB modules limit their maximum numbers of concurrent requests by the values of these objects. Unauthorized access to them may lead to an overload of the managed node and to a disruption of other functions of the managed node. o pingCtlTable o traceRouteCtlTable o lookupCtlTable All objects in entries of these tables (except index objects) have a MAX-ACCESS clause of read-create. Unauthorized access to these objects can disturb the measurements controlled by the tables. Also, the functions offered by the MIB modules can be misused for illegal data retrieval and for attacking other systems by floods of ping probes, traceroute probes or lookup requests, respectively. In general, all three, the ping, traceroute, and lookup functions, when used excessively are considered a form of system attack. In the case of ping, sending a system request too often can negatively effect its performance and attempting to connect to what is supposed to be an unused port can be very unpredictable. Excessive use of the traceroute capability can, like ping, negatively affect system performance. The same applies to excessive use of the lookup service, particularly if the lookup cannot be resolved locally. In Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 95]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 insecure environments, it is RECOMMENDED that the MIBs defined within this memo not be supported. o lookupPurgeTime Unauthorized access to this object can lead to the deletion of results of lookup operations before they are read by a management system, if the object is set to 0 or small values close to 0. If the object is set to very high values, unauthorized access can lead to a high consumption of resources for storing lookup results. Some of the readable objects in this MIB module (i.e., objects with a MAX-ACCESS other than not-accessible) may be considered sensitive or vulnerable in some network environments. It is thus important to control even GET and/or NOTIFY access to these objects and possibly to even encrypt the values of these objects when sending them over the network via SNMP. However, the only information that can be disclosed without encryption is the configuration and results of measurements that are performed by implementations of the MIB modules. To facilitate the provisioning of access control by a security administrator using the View-Based Access Control Model (VACM), defined in RFC 3415 [RFC3415], for tables in which multiple users may need to create or modify entries independently, the initial index is used as an "owner index." Such an initial index has a syntax of SnmpAdminString and can thus be trivially mapped to a securityName or groupName defined in VACM, in accordance with a security policy. All entries in related tables belonging to a particular user will have the same value for this initial index. For a given user's entries in a particular table, the object identifiers for the information in these entries will have the same subidentifiers (except for the "column" subidentifier) up to the end of the encoded owner index. To configure VACM to permit access to this portion of the table, one would create vacmViewTreeFamilyTable entries with the value of vacmViewTreeFamilySubtree including the owner index portion, and vacmViewTreeFamilyMask 'wildcarding' the column subidentifier. More elaborate configurations are possible. The VACM access control mechanism described above provides control. SNMP versions prior to SNMPv3 did not include adequate security. Even if the network itself is secure (for example by using IPSec), even then, there is no control as to who on the secure network is Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 96]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 allowed to access and GET/SET (read/change/create/delete) the objects in this MIB module. It is RECOMMENDED that implementers consider the security features as provided by the SNMPv3 framework (see [RFC3410], section 8), including full support for the SNMPv3 cryptographic mechanisms (for authentication and privacy). Further, deployment of SNMP versions prior to SNMPv3 is NOT RECOMMENDED. Instead, it is RECOMMENDED to deploy SNMPv3 and to enable cryptographic security. It is then a customer/operator responsibility to ensure that the SNMP entity giving access to an instance of this MIB module is properly configured to give access to the objects only to those principals (users) that have legitimate rights to indeed GET or SET (change/create/delete) them. 6. Acknowledgements This document is a product of the DISMAN Working Group. Thanks to Eduardo Cardona for suggesting the minimum compliance statements and to Juergen Schoenwaelder for the very detailed and constructive MIB review. 7. References 7.1. Normative References [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC2578] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)", STD 58, RFC 2578, April 1999. [RFC2579] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Textual Conventions for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2579, April 1999. [RFC2580] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M., and S. Waldbusser, "Conformance Statements for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2580, April 1999. [RFC2863] McCloghrie, K. and F. Kastenholz, "The Interfaces Group MIB", RFC 2863, June 2000. Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 97]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 [RFC3411] Harrington, D., Presuhn, R., and B. Wijnen, "An Architecture for Describing Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Management Frameworks", STD 62, RFC 3411, December 2002. [RFC4001] Daniele, M., Haberman, B., Routhier, S., and J. Schoenwaelder, "Textual Conventions for Internet Network Addresses", RFC 4001, February 2005. 7.2. Informative References [RFC792] Postel, J., "Internet Control Message Protocol", STD 5, RFC 792, September 1981. [RFC862] Postel, J., "Echo Protocol", STD 20, RFC 862, May 1983. [RFC1812] Baker, F., "Requirements for IP Version 4 Routers", RFC 1812, June 1995. [RFC2474] Nichols, K., Blake, S., Baker, F., and D. Black, "Definition of the Differentiated Services Field (DS Field) in the IPv4 and IPv6 Headers", RFC 2474, December 1998. [RFC3260] Grossman, D., "New Terminology and Clarifications for Diffserv", RFC 3260, April 2002. [RFC3410] Case, J., Mundy, R., Partain, D. and B. Stewart, "Introduction and Applicability Statements for Internet- Standard Management Framework", RFC 3410, December 2002. [RFC3415] Wijnen, B., Presuhn, R., and K. McCloghrie, "View-based Access Control Model (VACM) for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)", STD 62, RFC 3415, December 2002. Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 98]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 Authors' Addresses Juergen Quittek NEC Europe Ltd. Network Laboratories Kurfuersten-Anlage 36 69115 Heidelberg Germany Phone: +49 6221 4342-115 EMail: quittek@netlab.nec.de Kenneth D. White Dept. BRQA/Bldg. 501/G114 IBM Corporation P.O.Box 12195 3039 Cornwallis Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA EMail: wkenneth@us.ibm.com Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 99]
RFC 4560 REMOPS MIB June 2006 Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors retain all their rights. This document and the information contained herein are provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Intellectual Property The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has made any independent effort to identify any such rights. Information on the procedures with respect to rights in RFC documents can be found in BCP 78 and BCP 79. Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at http://www.ietf.org/ipr. The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement this standard. Please address the information to the IETF at ietf-ipr@ietf.org. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is provided by the IETF Administrative Support Activity (IASA). Quittek & White Standards Track [Page 100]

   

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